Monro, Alexander, primus


Monro, Alexander, primus

▪ Scottish physician and professor of anatomy
born Sept. 8, 1697, London
died July 10, 1767, Edinburgh

      physician, first professor of anatomy and surgery at the newly founded University of Edinburgh (Edinburgh, University of) medical school. With his son, Alexander secundus (1733–1817), and his grandson, Alexander tertius (1773–1859), who succeeded him in the chair at Edinburgh, he is noted for his role in advancing that institution to a position of international prominence as a centre of medical teaching during the 18th and 19th centuries. He showed that jaundice is caused by obstruction of the bile duct and advanced many new ideas in surgical instruments and dressings.

      A pupil of the Dutch physician Hermann Boerhaave at the University of Leiden (1718–19), Monro was appointed professor at Edinburgh in 1720. His adoption of Boerhaave's teaching methods, responsible for making Leiden the foremost centre of medical teaching during the 17th century, attracted the most promising graduate students from the North American colonies to Edinburgh, at that time the only modern university in Great Britain and the only British university to admit nonmembers of the Anglican High Church.

      Monro wrote two books and numerous scientific papers, including An Account of the Inoculation of Smallpox in Scotland (1764). See also Monro family.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Monro, Alexander, secundus — ▪ Scottish physician, anatomist, and educator born March 10, 1733, Edinburgh died Oct. 2, 1817, Edinburgh       physician who, with his father, Alexander primus (1697–1767), and his son, Alexander tertius (1773–1859), played a major role in… …   Universalium

  • MONRO, ALEXANDER —    founder of Edinburgh Medical School, born of Scotch parentage in London; studied there, and at Paris and Leyden, and was appointed lecturer on Anatomy by the Surgeons Company at Edinburgh in 1719; two years later he became professor, and in… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Monro family — Family of Scottish physicians. Three generations of the family made the University of Edinburgh an international centre of medical teaching, holding the chair of anatomy for 126 years (1720–1846) without interruption. Alexander primus (b. Sept. 8 …   Universalium

  • Alexander Monro (1697–1767) — Alexander Monro primus Alexander Monro I. (* 19. September 1697; † 10. Juli 1767) war ein schottischer Anatom und Begründer der Edinburgh Medical School. Monro studierte in London, Paris und Leiden. 1719 wurde er Lecturer für Anatomie bei der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Monro, familia — Familia de médicos escoceses. Tres generaciones de la familia hicieron de la Universidad de Edimburgo un centro internacional de la enseñanza médica, conservando ininterrumpidamente la cátedra de anatomía por 126 años (1720–1846). Alexander… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alexander Monro (tertius) — Alexander Monro tertius (born November 5, 1773, Edinburgh; died March 10, 1859) followed his father and grandfather in becoming professor of anatomy at Edinburgh University. He is known as tertius due to the names of his two predecessors as… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Monro — may refer to: Alexander Monro (educator), Principal of Edinburgh University, 1685–1690 Alexander Monro (primus) (1697–1767), Scottish physician, founder of Edinburgh Medical School Alexander Monro (secundus) (1733–1817), son of previous, Scottish …   Wikipedia

  • Monro — is a surname, and may refer to: Contents 1 In education 2 In politics 3 In music 4 In other fields 5 S …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Monro I. — Alexander Monro primus Alexander Monro I. (* 19. September 1697; † 10. Juli 1767) war ein schottischer Anatom und Begründer der Edinburgh Medical School. Monro studierte in London, Paris und Leiden. 1719 wurde er Lecturer für Anatomie bei der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander Munro (educator) — for the Scottish physicians, see Alexander Monro (primus), Alexander Monro (secondus), Alexander Monro (tertius) and the disambiguation page Alexander Monro (1648 1698) was the Principal of Edinburgh University from 1685 to 1690.Parentage: fourth …   Wikipedia


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