Moi, Daniel arap


Moi, Daniel arap

▪ president of Kenya
in full  Daniel Toroitich arap Moi  
born 1924, Sacho, Kenya Colony [now Kenya]

      Kenyan politician, who held the office of president (1978–2002).

      Moi was educated at mission and government schools. He became a teacher at age 21 and in the early 1960s, as Kenya began to move toward independence (1963), was appointed minister of education in the transitional government. Although he had originally been cofounder and chairman of the Kenya African Democratic Union, a party composed of minority peoples, he joined the Kikuyu-dominated Kenya African National Union (KANU) (Kenya African National Union) in 1964. That same year Moi was appointed minister of home affairs.

      Named vice president in 1967, Moi became president in 1978 following the death of Jomo Kenyatta (Kenyatta, Jomo). He quickly consolidated his power, banning opposition parties and promoting his Kalenjin countrymen to positions of authority at the expense of the Kikuyu. He also curried favour with the army, which proved loyal to him in suppressing a coup attempt in 1982. His continuation of Kenyatta's pro-Western policies ensured significant sums of development aid during the Cold War (1947–91), and under Moi's stewardship Kenya emerged as one of the most prosperous African nations.

      In the early 1990s, however, Western countries began to demand political and economic reforms, leading Moi to legalize opposition parties in 1991. The following year he won the country's first multiparty elections amid charges of electoral fraud. Riots and demonstrations marred the 1997 elections, and hundreds of Kenyans, mainly Kikuyu, were killed. Easily elected to his fifth term as president, Moi promised to end government corruption and implement democratic and economic reforms. In an effort to combat corruption, in 1999 he appointed Richard Leakey (Leakey, Richard), the popular and respected anthropologist, the head of the civil service and permanent secretary to the cabinet, a position Leakey retired from in 2001.

      Required by the constitution to resign in 2003, Moi backed Uhuru Kenyatta, son of Jomo Kenyatta, as the KANU candidate in the 2002 elections, but many feared that Kenyatta would be a puppet for Moi. KANU split in two, with dissidents joining the National Rainbow Coalition, whose candidate, Mwai Kibaki, succeeded Moi in December 2002.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Daniel arap Moi — Daniel Toroitich arap Moi 2nd President of Kenya In office 22 August 1978 – 30 December 2002 Vice President Mwai Kibaki Josephat Ka …   Wikipedia

  • Daniel Arap Moi — Dieser Artikel ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und gute Belege… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Daniel Arap Moi — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Daniel arap Moi junto al presidente estadounidense George W. Bush en la sede las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York el 10 de noviembre de 2001 Daniel Toroitich Arap Moi (nacido el el 2 de septiembre de 1924) fue… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Daniel arap Moi — Daniel Toroitich arap Moi (n. el 2 de septiembre de 1924) fue Presidente de Kenia de 1978 a 2002. Nacido en Sacho, en el distrito de Baringo, provincia de Rift Valley, Daniel arap Moi fue criado por su madre Kimoi Chebii después de la temprana… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Daniel arap Moi — Präsident Moi und damaliger US Präsident Bush im UN Hauptquartier in New York am 10. November 2001 Daniel Toroitich arap Moi (* 2. September 1924 in Kurieng wo bei Sacho im Baringo Distrikt) war von 1978 bis 2002 zweiter Präsident von Kenia.[1] …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Daniel Arap Moi — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Moi (homonymie). Daniel Arap Moi Mandats …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Moi, Daniel Toroitich arap — ▪ 1999       On Jan. 5, 1998, Daniel arap Moi was sworn in for a fifth term as president of Kenya after being declared the winner of national elections held in December 1997. Although the elections were marred by riots and demonstrations, and… …   Universalium

  • Moi, Daniel (Toroitich) arap — born 1924, Sacho, Kenya Colony Five term president of Kenya (from 1978). Trained as a teacher, Moi served in the cabinet and as vice president (1967–78) under Pres. Jomo Kenyatta before succeeding him as president. Head of the dominant Kenyan… …   Universalium

  • Moi, Daniel (Toroitich) Arap — (n. 1924, Sacho, África Oriental Británica). Presidente de Kenia durante cinco períodos (1978–2002). Formado como profesor, fue miembro del gabinete y vicepresidente (1967–78) durante la presidencia de Jomo Kenyatta antes de sucederlo en el cargo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • ARAP — bzw. ARAP kann sein: der Nachname der Bürgerrechtlerin Larissa Iwanowna Arap ein Teil des Namens des kenianischen Politikers Daniel arap Moi die Abkürzung von „Aktiver Rechnungsabgrenzungsposten“, siehe Rechnungsabgrenzung …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.