moderne gennembrud, det


moderne gennembrud, det

      (Danish: “the modern breakthrough”), literary movement beginning about 1870, dominated by the Danish critic Georg Brandes (Brandes, Georg), that introduced the literary trends of naturalism and realism to the Scandinavian world.

      Brandes—influenced by Hippolyte Taine, Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve, and John Stuart Mill—felt his mission as a critic was to bring Denmark out of its backwater and isolation. His Hovedstrømninger i det 19de aarhundredes litteratur (1872–90; Main Currents in 19th Century Literature) caused a great sensation not only in Denmark but throughout the rest of Scandinavia; and his demands that literature should concern itself with life and reality, not with fantasy, and that it should work in the service of progress rather than reaction provoked much discussion. He influenced the Norwegian dramatist Henrik Ibsen and the Swedish dramatist August Strindberg. Jens Peter Jacobsen (Jacobsen, Jens Peter) was among the first Danish writers to exhibit the influence of Brandes' theories; his novel Niels Lyhne and his short stories deal with the problem of dreams versus reality. Holger Drachmann, the greatest lyrical poet of the period, began his career as a staunch supporter of Brandes, against whom he reacted strongly later.

      Henrik Pontoppidan (Pontoppidan, Henrik) emerged as one of Denmark's great novelists. His early stories reveal social injustices; and in several of his short novels he discusses the political, moral, and religious problems of his day. Herman Bang (Bang, Herman) was another novelist who cultivated a determined realism. His works deal with insignificant people, the gray and lonely and miserable men and women who are normally overlooked because nothing ever seems to happen in their undramatic lives.

      Other novelists associated with the movement are Sophus Schandorph, Vilhelm Topsøe, Edvard Brandes, and Karl Gjellerup. Sven Lange, Einar Christiansen, and Henri Nathansen are three notable playwrights.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Danish literature — Introduction       the body of writings produced in the Danish and Latin languages.       During Denmark s long union with Norway (1380–1814), the Danish language became the official language and the most widely used literary medium in the… …   Universalium

  • Finnish literature — Introduction       the oral and written literature produced in Finland in the Finnish, Swedish, and, during the Middle Ages, Latin languages.       The history of Finnish literature and that of Swedish literature are intertwined. From the mid… …   Universalium

  • Modern Breakthrough — The Modern Breakthrough (Danish: Det Moderne Gennembrud) is the normal name of the strong movement of naturalism and debating literature of Scandinavia near the end of the 19th century which replaced romanticism. The Modern Breakthrough is used… …   Wikipedia

  • Hans Hertel — (* 22. Januar 1939 in Frederiksberg) ist ein dänischer Literaturhistoriker, Literaturkritiker und Hochschullehrer, der sowohl 1985 den Georg Brandes Preis als auch 1996 den Søren Gyldendal Preis erhielt. Leben Nach dem Schulbesuch studierte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Лунден, Эльдрид — В Википедии есть статьи о других людях с такой фамилией, см. Лунден. Эльдрид Лунден Eldrid Lunden …   Википедия

  • Literatura en danés — Retrato de Hans Christian Andersen en 1836. Andersen es sin duda el autor más conocido de la literatura danesa. Como literatura en danés, a menudo también llamada literatura danesa o literatura de Dinamarca, se entiende aquella escrita… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Danish literature — Hans Christian Andersen (1805–1875) …   Wikipedia

  • Herman Bang — Herman Bang. Herman Joachim Bang (Asserballe (Schleswig), 20 de abril de 1857 Ogden (Utah), 29 de enero de 1912) fue un escritor danés y uno de los pertenecientes al movimiento literario escandinavo Det Moderne Gennembrud. Bang nació en una… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Corsaren — (English: The Corsair) (1840 1846) was a weekly satirical and political magazine published by Meïr Aron Goldschmidt who also wrote most of its content. The first issue was published on the 8 October 1840 in Copenhagen, Denmark. The first 6 month… …   Wikipedia