Model, Walther


Model, Walther

▪ German military officer
born January 24, 1891, Genthin, near Magdeburg, Germany
died April 21, 1945, near Lintorf
 German field marshal during World War II.

      Model entered the German army in 1909, held various regimental and staff posts during World War I, and transferred to Germany's postwar armed forces, the Reichswehr, in 1919. A loyal member of the Nazi Party, he was made a major general in 1938 and commanded the IV Army Corps in the German invasion of Poland in 1939. He was chief of staff of the Sixteenth Army during the campaign against France (1940), was promoted to lieutenant general that same year, and commanded the 3rd Panzer (armoured) Division in the invasion of the Soviet Union (1941).

      Having earned a reputation as an energetic and forceful field commander, Model was promoted to full general in 1942 and took command of the Ninth Army on the Eastern Front. As that unit's commander, he was involved in planning the Battle of Kursk (Kursk, Battle of) (1943) and helped to retrieve the German position when that battle ended in defeat. While older German generals of aristocratic background were losing Adolf Hitler (Hitler, Adolf)'s confidence, Model, with his middle-class origins and undoubted Nazi loyalty, became ever more trusted by the Führer. As a troubleshooter sent to repel Soviet offensives at various spots, Model became known as Hitler's Feuerwehrmann (“fireman”). He successively took command of Army Group North (January 1944), the North-Ukraine Army Group (March 1944), and Army Group Central (June 1944) on the Eastern Front.

      Model was promoted to field marshal in March 1944, and on August 17 he was appointed commander in chief of the Western Front in place of Field Marshal Günther von Kluge (Kluge, Günther von), who was suspected of having participated in the July Plot against Hitler's life. Model was unable to stem the Allied sweep through northern France, however, and, when Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt (Rundstedt, Gerd von) returned to the Western Front as commander in chief in September, Model took command of Army Group B, based in The Netherlands. There he was well placed to repel the British airborne assault on Arnhem, and he thereby prevented the Allies from gaining an early bridgehead at the Rhine River. Together with Rundstedt, he planned the German offensive in the Battle of the Bulge (Bulge, Battle of the) (December 1944–January 1945). After this offensive had been contained, Model and his retreating Army Group B were encircled by Allied forces in the Ruhr region of Germany. Model ordered the 300,000 troops under his command to disband, and he then committed suicide.

Additional Reading
Carlo D'Este, “Model,” in Correlli Barnett (ed.), Hitler's Generals (1989), pp. 319–333, covers his life and career.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Model — Contents 1 Physical 1.1 Human models 2 Nonphysical 2.1 …   Wikipedia

  • Walther Kossel — Walther Ludwig Julius Kossel (January 4, 1888 in Berlin, Germany ndash; 22 May, 1956 in Tübingen, Germany) was a German physicist known for his theory of the chemical bond (ionic bond/octet rule), Sommerfeld Kossel displacement law of atomic… …   Wikipedia

  • Model 39 grenade — The Model 39 Eihandgranate (or Eierhandgranate, egg hand grenade ) was a German hand grenade introduced in 1939 and produced until the end of World War II. The Eihandgranate used the same fuse assembly (the BZE 39) as the Model 43… …   Wikipedia

  • Walther Hahm — Naissance 21 décembre 1894 Neudorf Sulau Décès 11 août 1951 (à 57 ans) Heide Origine Allemand Allégeance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Walther von Hünersdorff — Naissance 28 novembre 1898 Le Caire, Égypte Décès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Model 45A — Image Type Battle rifle Light machine gun Place of origin …   Wikipedia

  • Walther von Seydlitz-Kurzbach — Friedrich Paulus et Walther von Seydlitz Kurzbach …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Walther Bauersfeld — (January 23, 1879 in Berlin–October 28, 1959 in Heidenheim an der Brenz) was a German engineer, employed by the Zeiss Corporation, who, on a suggestion by the German astronomer Max Wolf, started work on the first projection planetarium in 1912.… …   Wikipedia

  • Walther von Brauchitsch — (1939) Walther Heinrich Alfred Hermann von Brauchitsch (* 4. Oktober 1881 in Berlin; † 18. Oktober 1948 in Hamburg) war ein deutscher Generalfeldmarschall und in der Zeit des Nationalso …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Walther Reyer — (* 4. September 1922 in Hall in Tirol; † 6. September 1999 in Innsbruck) war ein österreichischer Kammerschauspieler und Filmschauspieler. ca. 1965 Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.