missus dominicus

missus dominicus

▪ European government official
Latin“envoy of the lord”plural  missi dominici 

      officials sent by some Frankish kings and emperors to supervise provincial administration. Used sporadically by Merovingian and early Carolingian rulers, the missi became a normal part of the administrative machinery under Charlemagne (reigned 768–814). From about 802 onward almost all of his empire was periodically divided into missatica, or inspection circuits; these were visited—in theory for four months out of every year but often in practice less regularly—by at least two missi, one a bishop or abbot, the other a layman, probably a count. The missi were powerful men protected with a wergild (price paid to a slain man's relatives) equal to that of a member of the sovereign's family. They had full investigatory powers and were to rectify all error and injustice. Missi administered the oath of allegiance exacted from all freemen on the occasion of a new sovereign, informed local communities of the content of imperial decrees, and reported back on local conditions and needs. The difficulties that beset the Carolingian empire after about 830 paralyzed and finally virtually destroyed the system of missi dominici by the end of the 9th century.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Missus dominicus — A missus dominicus (plural missi dominici), Latin for envoy[s] of the lord [ruler] , also known in Dutch as Zendgraaf (German: Sendgraf), meaning sent Graf , was an official commissioned by the Frankish king or Holy Roman Emperor to supervise the …   Wikipedia

  • missus dominicus — mìs·sus do·mì·ni·cus loc.s.m., lat. TS stor. spec. al pl., nel Medioevo, inviato regio incaricato di ispezionare i feudi e di controllare l amministrazione pubblica di un territorio {{line}} {{/line}} ETIMO: lat. missus dominicus propr. inviato… …   Dizionario italiano

  • Missus dominicus — Der lateinische Begriff missus bezeichnet im Mittelalter allgemein einen Bevollmächtigten eines Großen im eigenen Bereich. Die missi dominici / Königsboten (auch „missi fiscales, missi regales, missi regis) stellen dabei die wichtigste Gruppe dar …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Missus — may signify The spoken pronunciation of Mrs., often jocular or in dialect Missus dominicus, an envoy of the lord in Frankish court culture. This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an …   Wikipedia

  • DOMINICUS Capranica — Rom. Card. cuius merita Martin. V. agnovit, Eugenius IV. timuit, Nicol. V. amavit, ab hoc ad Alphonsum V. Castell. missus Obiit A. C, 1458. Ciaccon. in addit. Victorel. et Onuphr. in Mart. V. Platina, in Calixto III. etc …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • DOMINICUS — I. DOMINICUS Cardin. a Clemente VII. Antipapa. in Hisp. missus, ut dissidia inter Clerum et Henr. III. Regem orta componeret, Mariana, l. 17. c. 18. et l. 19. c. 1. Item, Cardinalis Ragusinus, Gregorii XII. depositi defensor. Spod. A. C. 1409. n …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Arn de Salzbourg — Arn de Salzbourg[1], né après 740 en Isengau (Bavière), mort le 24 janvier 821 à Salzbourg, est un homme d Eglise de l époque carolingienne, évêque de Salzbourg en 785, premier archevêque de Salzbourg en 798. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Donat Ier de Melun — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Melun (homonymie). Donat Ier de Melun (v. 790 † av. 866), « comte de Melun » en 830[1] et missus dominicus dans la province de Sens. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert IV the Strong — (also known as Rutpert) (820 September 15, 866), was Margrave in Neustria. His family is named after him and called Robertians. He was first nominated by Charles the Bald missus dominicus in 853. Robert was the father of the kings Odo and Robert… …   Wikipedia

  • Graf von Troyes — Im 10. Jahrhundert bestand eine Grafschaft Troyes mit dem Hauptort Troyes im Besitz des Grafenhauses Vermandois, einer Linie der Karolinger. Durch Erbschaft kam Troyes an das Haus Blois, ebenso wie die Grafschaft Meaux (Theobald I., Graf von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»