Min languages


Min languages

      group of Sinitic languages spoken in Fujian province and in parts of Guangdong, Zhejiang, Hainan, and Taiwan. The Min languages are generally divided into Northern Min, with its centre at Fuzhou, and Southern Min, with its centre at Amoy (Xiamen). Some scholars also identify an Eastern Min, a Central Min, and a variant known as Puxian (Xinghua). Still others claim that there are at least nine varieties of Min, all of which are inherently unintelligible to one another. Southern Min is spoken by more than 45 million people, some 40 million in China and Taiwan, and the remainder in Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore, Indonesia (Java and Bali), and Brunei.

      Min speakers use a pronunciation (called Tang Min) for the literary language that differs from that used in other Sinitic languages. The Tang Min pronunciation of the standard language preserves the final consonants of Ancient Chinese, but nonliterary spoken Min languages do not. Other differences between Min and other Sinitic languages include differences in vocabulary and the preservation of archaic dental consonants (formed by contact of the tongue and teeth). Northern Min preserves the nasal sounds of an earlier stage of Chinese at the ends of words, but Southern Min has lost them.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Min Chinese — Bân gú / Mìng ngṳ̄ ( Min ) written in Chinese characters Traditional Chinese 閩語 Simplified …   Wikipedia

  • Min — may refer to: Min (god), an Egyptian fertility god Min (ship), a modern working copy of an Ancient Egyptian ship of Hatshepsut s time Min (artist), a South Korean celebrity most popularly known as a member of miss A Min (company) Min River… …   Wikipedia

  • Min Nan — Southern Min Min Nan 閩南語 / 闽南语 / Bân lâm gú Spoken in China (PRC and ROC areas), Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand …   Wikipedia

  • Min Dong — and Mindong redirect here. For information about the Eastern region of Fujian Province, China, see Fuzhou and Ningde. Eastern Min Min Dong 閩東語 Spoken in Southern China, Vietnam …   Wikipedia

  • Min Thu Wun — (10 February 1909 15 August 2004) was a Mon Burmese poet, writer and scholar who helped launch a new age literary movement called Hkit san (Testing the Times) in Burma.[1][2] Contents 1 Distinguished career …   Wikipedia

  • Min Áigi — Type Twice weekly Format Tabloid Owner Finnmark Dagblad, Kárášjohka Karasjok Municipality, Norwegian Sámi Association, Samenes Landsforbund, Davvi Girji, local Sámi societies and individual shareholders Editor in chief Svein Nordsletta Founded …   Wikipedia

  • Min River (Sichuan) — Min Jiang Origin Songpan Mouth Chang Jiang at Yibin Basin countries China Right tributaries Dadu River Not to be confused with Min River (Fujian) …   Wikipedia

  • Min — /min/, n. a group of Chinese languages spoken in southeastern China, including Foochow and Fukienese. * * * ▪ Egyptian god       in ancient Egyptian religion, a god of fertility and harvest, embodiment of the masculine principle; he was also… …   Universalium

  • Languages of Taiwan — A large majority of people on Taiwan speak Standard Mandarin, which has been the only officially sanctioned medium of instruction in the schools for more than four decades. As a result of the half century of Japanese rule, many people born before …   Wikipedia

  • Min Zhong — Central Min Min Zhong 闽中话 Spoken in Southern China, United States (mainly California) Region eastern Fujian; Fuzhou; Yong an, Sanming …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.