Miller, Joaquin

Miller, Joaquin

▪ American writer
pseudonym of  Cincinnatus Hiner Miller, Hiner  also spelled  Heine 
born Sept. 8, 1837, near Liberty, Ind., U.S.
died Feb. 17, 1913, Oakland, Calif.
 American poet and journalist whose best work conveys a sense of the majesty and excitement of the Old West. His best-known poem is “Columbus” with its refrain, “On, sail on!”—once familiar to millions of American schoolchildren.

      Miller went west with his family and led a picaresque early life in California among miners, gamblers, and Indians. He attended Columbia College (Eugene, Ore.) briefly in 1858–59 and was admitted to the Oregon bar in 1860. Between 1862 and 1866 he owned a pony express and a newspaper (the Eugene Democratic Register) and was a county judge in Canyon City, Ore. For the Register he wrote an article defending the Mexican brigand Joaquin Murietta, whose given name he later used as a pseudonym. His first books of poems, Specimens (1868) and Joaquin et al. (1869), attracted little attention.

      In 1870 he traveled to England, where his exotic manners and flamboyant western costume made him a great favourite with the literati. Pacific Poems (1871) was privately printed there. Songs of the Sierras (1871), upon which his reputation mainly rests, was loudly acclaimed in England, while generally derided in the United States for its excessive romanticism. His other books of poetry included Songs of the Sunlands (1873), The Ship in the Desert (1875), The Baroness of New York (1877), Songs of Italy (1878), Memorie and Rime (1884), and the Complete Poetical Works (1897).

      Whitmanesque in temper, his work is frequently bombastic and artificial. Because of his fondness for Byronic posturings, his autobiographical writings (e.g., Life Among the Modocs, 1873) are usually considered untrustworthy.

Additional Reading
M. Marion Marberry, Splendid Poseur: Joaquin Miller, American Poet (1953); O.W. Frost, Joaquin Miller (1967).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Miller,Joaquin — Miller, Joaquin. Pseudonym of Cincinnatus Hiner Miller. 1837 1913. American poet whose work is based on his adventures in the West. His collections include Specimens (1868) and Joaquin et al. (1869). * * * …   Universalium

  • Miller, Joaquin — (1837 1913)    Born Cincinnatus Heine Miller in Liberty, Indiana, the poet, journalist, and playwright spent his formative years in the gold mining camps and among the Native Americans of the Pacific coast. His poetry earned him the epithets poet …   The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater

  • Miller, Joaquin —    см. Миллер, Хоакин …   Писатели США. Краткие творческие биографии

  • Joaquin Miller — Born Cincinnatus Hiner Miller September 8, 1837(1837 09 08) Died February 17, 1913(1913 02 17) (aged  …   Wikipedia

  • Joaquin Miller — entre 1870 1880 Joaquin Miller fue el pseudónimo del poeta, ensayista y fabulista estadounidense Cincinnatus Heine (o Hiner) Miller (8 de septiembre de 1837, o 10 de noviembre de 1841 17 de febrero de 1913). Nació en Indiana, y se mudó primero a… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Miller Middle School — Joaquin Miller Middle School Pursuing Excellence in a Caring Environment. Address 6151 Rainbow Drive …   Wikipedia

  • Joaquin Miller — Joaquin Miller, eigentlich Cincinnatus Hiner Miller (* 10. März 1839 in Liberty, Indiana; † 17. Februar 1913 in Oakland, Kalifornien) war ein US amerikanischer Schriftsteller. Millers Geburtsdatum ist strittig. Neben dem of …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joaquin Miller — était le nom d un poète et essayiste américain du XIXe siècle. Originaire de l Indiana, sa famille était probablement d origine allemande. Les Miller s installèrent le comté de Lane (Oregon) en Oregon. Pendant la ruée vers l or en Californie,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Miller [2] — Miller, Joaquin, eigentlich Cincinnatus Heine M., amerik. Dichter, geb. 10. Nov. 1841 in Indiana, Journalist, lebt seit 1887 in Oakland; schrieb: »Songs of the Sierras« (1871), »Songs of the Sun Lands« (1873), die Romane »First families of the… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Miller House — may refer to: in the United States (by state then city) Miller O Donnell House, Mobile, Alabama, listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) Miller House (Little Rock, Arkansas), listed on the NRHP in Arkansas Miller and… …   Wikipedia