Michelozzo


Michelozzo

▪ Italian artist
in full  Michelozzo Di Bartolommeo, Michelozzo  also spelled  Michelozzi 
born 1396, Florence
died 1472, Florence

      architect and sculptor, notable in the development of Florentine Renaissance architecture.

      Michelozzo studied with the celebrated sculptor Lorenzo Ghiberti (Ghiberti, Lorenzo), in whose workshop he acquired the skills of a bronze founder. After 1420 they collaborated on the “St. Matthew” for the church of Or San Michele, Florence. In 1427 Michelozzo and the sculptor Donatello established a partnership, active until 1438, to build several architectural-sculptural tombs. They also collaborated on the pulpit (designed 1428) in Prato cathedral.

      Throughout his career Michelozzo was closely associated with his principal patrons, the Medicis, and he followed Cosimo de' Medici (Medici, Cosimo de') into exile at Venice in 1433. Upon Cosimo's triumphant return to power in Florence in 1434, Michelozzo's architectural career began in earnest with several important commissions. In 1436 he began the complete rebuilding of the ruined monastery of San Marco at Florence. The elegant library he built for the monastery became the model for subsequent libraries throughout 15th-century Italy. In 1444–45 he directed the similar reconstruction of the large complex of church buildings at Santissima Annunziata, also in Florence. Michelozzo also temporarily succeeded Filippo Brunelleschi as architect for the cathedral of Florence upon the latter's death in 1446.

      Michelozzo produced several innovations in the design of the Florentine palazzo, or palace. The basic plan called for a blocklike structure, usually three stories high, with a central open court. On the exterior the three stories were separated by horizontal string courses, and the rustication of the stonework was different in each story. The building was capped by a bold overhanging cornice. These features are outstanding in the palazzo that Michelozzo built in Florence for Cosimo de' Medici (1444–59; now called the Palazzo Medici-Riccardi), one of the finest examples of early Renaissance architecture.

      In his later years Michelozzo restored several villas for the Medicis and worked as an engineer in Ragusa (now Dubrovnik, Croatia) and on the Greek island of Chios.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Michelozzo — Birth name Michelozzo di Bartolomeo Michelozzi Born c. 1396 Florence, Italy …   Wikipedia

  • Michelozzo — Nombre de nacimiento Michelozzo di Bartolomeo Michelozzi Nacimiento c. 1396 Florencia, (Italia) Fallecimiento 1472 Florencia, (Italia) Nacionalidad …   Wikipedia Español

  • Michelozzo —   [mike lɔttso], Michelozzo di Bartolommeo, italienischer Baumeister und Bildhauer, * Florenz 1396, begraben ebenda 7. 10. 1472; arbeitete als Bildhauer in Werkstattgemeinschaft zuerst mit L. Ghiberti, dann 1425 33 mit Donatello; von ihm allein… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Michelozzo — (spr. mikel ), ital. Baumeister und Bildhauer, geb. 1396 in Florenz, gest. 1479, das. und in Venedig tätig; Hauptwerke: Palast Riccardi in Florenz, Statue Johannes des Täufers u.a. – Vgl. Wolff (1900) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Michelozzo — Michelozzo, Bartolomeo Michelozzi, llamado …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Michelozzo — Palais Médici Riccardi à Florence Michelozzo Michelozzi (Florence 1396 1472) (de son vrai nom Michelozzo di Bartolommeo Michelozzi), était un architecte et sculpteur italien de la Renaissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Michelozzo — Das Grabmonument für Johannes XXIII. Michelozzo di Bartolom(m)eo, auch kurz Michelozzo genannt, (* 1396 in Florenz; † 7. Oktober 1472 ebenda) war ein italienischer Bildhauer und Architekt der Renaissance. Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Michelozzo — n. Michelozzo di Bartolommeo (1391 1472), Italian architect and sculptor born in Florence, also known as Michelozzo Michelozzi …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Michelozzo — /mikəˈlɒtsoʊ/ (say meekuh lotsoh) noun (Michelozzo di Bartolommeo), 1396–1472, Italian architect and sculptor …   Australian English dictionary

  • Michelozzo — …   Useful english dictionary


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