▪ bone disorder
      persistent pain in the metatarsal region, or ball, of the foot. The condition arises when the weight of the body, while standing, is forced to rest on the centre of the anterior arch (on the heads of the central metatarsal bones) instead of on the inside and outside of the foot. The most common cause of metatarsalgia is the wearing of improper footwear. Among women this may be high-heeled shoes that compress the toes; among people of both sexes who are active in high-impact sports such as running, it may be athletic shoes with worn-out or poorly designed soles. Other factors that can add to stress on the metatarsals are excess weight, an unusually high arch of the foot, hammertoe, bunions (bunion), and age. Among middle-aged people the pain of metatarsalgia may be aggravated by Morton toe, a condition caused by enlargement of the digital nerve as it passes between the metatarsal heads to the toes.

      As the name of the condition implies, the main symptom of metatarsalgia is constant pain in the ball of the foot, particularly behind the first, second, or third toe. Pain usually is less severe when the affected individual is at rest or barefoot. Treatment usually does not go beyond the use of better-designed footwear or shoe inserts, the taking of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen, and periods of rest and icing alternating with rehabilitative stretching and exercising. For severe and persistent cases, surgical realignment of the metatarsal bones or excision of the enlarged nerve may have to be considered.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Metatarsalgia — Classification and external resources ICD 10 M77.4 ICD 9 726.70 …   Wikipedia

  • metatarsalgia — f. neurol. Dolor en el metatarso. Medical Dictionary. 2011. metatarsalgia Trastorno doloroso de los metatarsianos producid …   Diccionario médico

  • Metatarsalgia — La metatarsalgia es el dolor de los metatarsos, generalmente a nivel de su epífisis o cabeza proximal. En ocasiones es tratada durante años mediante automedicación cuando en realidad suele requerir tratamiento ortopédico (plantillas… …   Wikipedia Español

  • metatarsalgia — ˌ ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷ˌtärˈsaljēə noun ( s) Etymology: New Latin, from metatarsus + algia : a cramping burning pain below and between the metatarsal bones where they join the toe bones called also Morton s toe * * * ‖ metatarsalgia Path. (ˌmɛtətɑːˈsældʒɪə) …   Useful english dictionary

  • metatarsalgia — Pain in the forefoot in the region of the heads of the metatarsals. [meta + G. algos, pain] Morton m. SYN: Morton neuralgia. * * * meta·tar·sal·gia .tär sal j(ē )ə n a cramping burning pain below and between the metatarsal bones where they join… …   Medical dictionary

  • metatarsalgia — me·ta·tar·sal·gì·a s.f. TS med. sindrome dolorosa del piede che si manifesta spec. durante la deambulazione, causata dall appiattimento della volta plantare o da un neurinoma {{line}} {{/line}} DATA: 1957. ETIMO: comp. di metatarso e algia …   Dizionario italiano

  • metatarsalgia — pl.f. metatarsalgie …   Dizionario dei sinonimi e contrari

  • metatarsalgia — meta·tar·sal·gia …   English syllables

  • metatarsalgia — n. aching pain in the metatarsal bones of the foot. It usually arises beneath the metatarsal heads in the transverse plantar arch. Repeated injury, arthritis, and deformities of the foot are common causes, and corrective footwear and insoles may… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • metatarsalgia de Morton — una forma de dolor de pie o metatarsalgia producida por la compresión de una rama del nervio plantar por las cabezas metatarsianas. La compresión crónica puede ocasionar un neuroma [ICD 10: G57.6] …   Diccionario médico

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