Mela, Pomponius


Mela, Pomponius

▪ Roman author
born AD 43

      author of the only ancient treatise on geography in classical Latin, De situ orbis (“A Description of the World”), also known as De chorographia (“Concerning Chorography”). Written about AD 43 or 44, it remained influential until the beginning of the age of exploration, 13 centuries later. Though probably intended for the general reader, Mela's geography was cited by Pliny the Elder in his encyclopaedia of natural science as an important authority.

      Though the work was largely a borrowing from Greek sources and contained information that was frequently obsolete, it was unique among the ancient geographies in that it divided the Earth, which Mela placed at the centre of the universe, into five zones: a northern frigid zone, a northern temperate zone, a torrid zone, a southern temperate zone, and a southern frigid zone. The two temperate zones were habitable, but only one, the northern, was known. The southern was unattainable by people of the north because of the necessity of passing through the unbearable heat of the intervening torrid zone in order to reach it. According to Mela, the ocean surrounding the Earth cut into it in four seas, the most important being the Mediterranean. He avoided technical details, such as distances, but usually included short phrases describing the places mentioned. Less was said of familiar regions than of distant countries, where even fabulous material was included.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pomponius Mêla — Pomponius Mela Pomponius Mela, qui écrivait aux alentours de 43, est le plus ancien géographe romain. Il donna une description qui couvre le monde connu des Gréco Romains. Son ouvrage (De situ orbis libri III. ou De chorographia est un simple… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • POMPONIUS MELA — (Ier s. env.) Apparenté aux Sénèque, originaire de Tingentera (en Espagne), Pomponius Mela a écrit sous les règnes de Caligula et de Claude. Il est l’auteur d’une géographie en trois livres, De chorographia . Cette œuvre est composée comme la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • MELA — Pomponius, Geographus, cuius exstat liber de situ Orbis. Natione Hispanus fuit, Claudiique Imperatoris temporibus floruit, ut recte primus adstruxit Vadianus. Inde est, quod et ipse meminit Corn. Nepotis, ut recentis scriptoris, et ad partes a… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Mela — Mela, Pomponius, aus Hispania baetica; lebte wahrscheinlich von Augustus bis Nero; er schr. ein geographisches Compendium (De situ orbis), meist nach griechischen Vorarbeiten; 1. Ausg. Mail. 1471; von Is. Voß, Haag 1658; von Jak. Gronov, Leyd.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mela — Mela, Pomponius, röm. Geograph, aus Tingentera in Spanien, verfaßte um 43 n. Chr. u. d. T.: »De chorographia« einen nach guten Quellen sorgfältig zusammengestellten Abriß der Erdkunde in drei Büchern. Er beschreibt in der Weise einer Küstenfahrt… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mela — Mela, Pomponius, röm. Geograph aus Spanien, um 50 n. Chr.; seine »Chorographia« hg. von Frick (1880). – Vgl. Fink (1881) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mela — Mela, Pomponius, röm. Geograph zur Zeit des Kaisers Claudius, dessen Schrift »de situ orbis« zuletzt von Tzschucke Leipzig 1807 u. Weichert ebdsst. 1816 herausgegeben wurde …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Mela — Mela,   Pomponius, römischer Schriftsteller um die Mitte des 1. Jahrhunderts n. Chr., stammte aus Spanien; verfasste eine Erdbeschreibung (»De chorographia«) nach Art eines Periplus, das älteste erhaltene geographische Werk der römischen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pomponius Mela — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mela (homonymie). Reconstruction de la carte du monde de Pomponius Mela Pomponius Mela (né à Tingentera, près d Algésiras), qui écrivait aux …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pomponius Mela — Depiction of Pomponius Mela s geographical view of the World …   Wikipedia


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