Mehmed VI


Mehmed VI

▪ Ottoman sultan
original name  Mehmed Vahideddin 
born Jan. 14, 1861
died May 16, 1926, San Remo, Italy

      the last sultan of the Ottoman Empire, whose forced abdication and exile in 1922 prepared the way for the emergence of the Turkish Republic under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (Atatürk, Kemal) within a year.

      Clever and perceptive, Mehmed VI became sultan July 4, 1918, and attempted to follow the example of his elder brother Abdülhamid II (reigned 1876–1909) by assuming personal control of the government. After the Armistice of Mudros (Oct. 30, 1918) and the establishment of the Allied military administration in Istanbul on Dec. 8, 1918, the nationalist–liberal Committee of Union and Progress had collapsed, and its leaders had fled abroad. The Sultan, opposed to all nationalist ideologies and anxious to perpetuate the Ottoman dynasty, acceded to the demands of the Allies. On December 21 he dissolved Parliament and undertook to crush the nationalists.

      The nationalists, however, who were organizing in Anatolia under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal, sought the Sultan's support in their struggle for territorial integrity and national independence. After negotiations, the Sultan agreed to elections, which were held late in 1919, and the nationalists won a majority in the new parliament. The Allies, alarmed at the prospect of Turkish unity, extended the occupied area in Constantinople and arrested and exiled the nationalists.

      The Sultan dissolved the Parliament (April 11, 1920), and the nationalists set up a provisional government in Ankara. Mehmed's signing of the Treaty of Sèvres (Sèvres, Treaty of) (Aug. 10, 1920), however, reduced the empire to little but Turkey itself and served to strengthen the nationalist cause. After their defeat of the Greeks, the nationalists were in solid control of Turkey. The Grand National Assembly on Nov. 1, 1922, abolished the sultanate. Sixteen days later Mehmed VI boarded a British warship and fled to Malta. His later attempts to install himself as caliph in the Hejaz failed.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mehmed II. — Mehmed II. (‏محمد بن مراد‎ / Meḥemmed[1] b. Murād; * 30. März 1432 in Edirne; † 3. Mai 1481 bei Gebze), genannt ‏ابو الفتح‎ / Ebū ʾl Fetḥ /‚Vater der Eroberung‘ und später ‏فاتح‎ / Fātiḥ /‚ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mehmed — (modern Turkish: Mehmet) is the most common Turkish form of the Arabic name Muhammed (Muhammed and Muhammet are also used, though less commonly), it was originally spelled Mehemed, losing a vowel over time. It is the most common Turkish male… …   Wikipedia

  • Mehmed V — Ottoman Sultan and Caliph (full titles) Reign 27 April 1909 – 3 July 1918 Sword girding 10 May 1909 …   Wikipedia

  • Mehmed II — Fatih Sultán del Imperio Otomano Mehmed II. Obra de Gentile Bellini Reinado 1444 1445 (primer período) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mehmed V — Mehmed V. Mehmed V. Reşad (* 2. November 1844; † 3. Juli 1918) war von 1909 bis 1918 Sultan des Osmanischen Reiches. Er folgte seinem Bruder Abdülhamid II. nach, der von den Jungtürken zum Rücktritt gezwungen worden war. Mehmed V. war ein Sohn… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mehmed V. — Mehmed V. Mehmed V. Reşad (* 2. November 1844 in Istanbul; † 3. Juli 1918) war von 1909 bis 1918 Sultan des Osmanischen Reiches. Er folgte seinem Bruder Abdülhamid II. nach, der von den Jungtürken zum Rücktritt gezwungen worden war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mehmed V — Titre 35e Sultan Ottoman 27 avril 1909 – …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mehmed VI — 36e sultan ottoman Règne juillet 1918 1er novembre 1922 & …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mehmed I — Sultán del Imperio Otomano Reinado 1413 1421 Nombre real Mehmed Çelebi Nacimiento ¿1389? …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mehmed I. — Mehmed I., osmanische Miniatur des 16. Jahrhunderts Sultan Çelebi Mehmed (* 1389 in Bursa; † 26. Mai 1421 in Adrianopel) war Sultan des Osmanischen Reiches von 1413 bis 1421. Nach den Wirren des Interregnums gelang es ihm, die osmanische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mehmed V — Mehmed V. Mehmed V (2 de noviembre de 1844 – 3 de julio de 1918), sultán del Imperio otomano. También se lo conoce como Mohammed V, Mehmed V Reşad (o Reşat) o Reshid Effendi. Fue el 39º sultán otomano, y se le atribuye haber sido el 99º califa… …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.