McLennan, John Ferguson


McLennan, John Ferguson

▪ Scottish lawyer and ethnologist
born Oct. 14, 1827, Inverness, Inverness-shire, Scot.
died June 16, 1881, Hayes Common, Kent, Eng.

      Scottish lawyer and ethnologist whose ideas on cultural evolution, kinship, and the origins of religion stimulated anthropological research.

      McLennan was admitted to the bar in 1857, and he became a parliamentary draftsman for Scotland in 1871. His interest in survivals of practice and behaviour from earlier cultures led him to develop a theory of social evolution, outlined in his book Primitive Marriage: An Enquiry into the Origin of the Form of Capture in Marriage Ceremonies (1865, reissued as Studies in Ancient History, 2nd series, 1896, and again as Primitive Marriage, 1970).

      McLennan introduced the terms exogamy (marriage outside the group, as in bride capture between warring tribes) and endogamy (marriage within a specific group, leading to monogamy and determination of kinship through males, rather than females). He was critical of the views of the American anthropologist Lewis Henry Morgan on kinship terminology, which, McLennan contended, indicated degree of respect related to considerations of station and age rather than to consanguineous relationships. McLennan regarded totems (totemism) as survivals of an earlier worship of fetishes, plants, animals, and, in course, anthropomorphic gods. His views on totemism attracted the interest of Sigmund Freud and such social scientists as Émile Durkheim, Sir James George Frazer, and W. Robertson Smith. McLennan also wrote The Patriarchal Theory (1885).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Ferguson McLennan — (Inverness, Escocia, 14 de octubre de 1827 16 de junio de 1881) fue un antropólogo británico. Contenido 1 Biografía 2 Obra 3 Notas …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Ferguson McLennan — Infobox Scientist name = PAGENAME box width = image size =150px caption = PAGENAME birth date = October 14, 1827 birth place = Inverness death date = June 16, 1881 death place = residence = citizenship = nationality = Scottish ethnicity = field …   Wikipedia

  • MCLENNAN (J. F.) — MCLENNAN JOHN FERGUSON (1827 1881) Ethnologue anglais célèbre pour ses travaux sur la parenté. Juriste de formation, McLennan fut inscrit au barreau en 1857 et siégea au Parlement comme représentant de l’Écosse. L’essentiel de son œuvre a été… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • McLennan — McLennan, MacLennan or Maclennan is a Scottish surname. It may refer to: People Angus McLennan (1844–1908), Canadian politician Azlan McLennan (1975–), Australian artist Danny McLennan (1925–2004), Scottish football player and manager Donald R.… …   Wikipedia

  • McLennan — ist der Name folgender Personen: Gordon McLennan (1924–2011), britischer Politiker Grant McLennan (1958–2006), australischer Musiker Jamie McLennan (* 1971), ehemaliger kanadischer Eishockeytorwart John McLennan (1821–1893), kanadischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • kinship — /kin ship/, n. 1. the state or fact of being of kin; family relationship. 2. relationship by nature, qualities, etc.; affinity. [1825 35; KIN + SHIP] Syn. 1. See relationship. 1, 2. connection. 2. bearing. * * * Socially recognized relationship… …   Universalium

  • anthropology — anthropological /an threuh peuh loj i keuhl/, anthropologic, adj. anthropologically, adv. /an threuh pol euh jee/, n. 1. the science that deals with the origins, physical and cultural development, biological characteristics, and social customs… …   Universalium

  • totemism — totemistic, adj. /toh teuh miz euhm/, n. 1. the practice of having totems. 2. the system of tribal division according to totems. [1785 95, Amer.; TOTEM + ISM] * * * Complex of ideas and practices based on the belief in kinship or mystical… …   Universalium

  • survival — /seuhr vuy veuhl/, n. 1. the act or fact of surviving, esp. under adverse or unusual circumstances. 2. a person or thing that survives or endures, esp. an ancient custom, observance, belief, or the like. 3. Anthropol. (no longer in technical use) …   Universalium

  • survivals — ▪ anthropology       in anthropology, cultural phenomena that outlive the set of conditions under which they developed.  The term was first employed by the British anthropologist Edward Burnett Tylor (Tylor, Sir Edward Burnett) in his Primitive… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.