McLean, John


McLean, John

▪ United States jurist
born March 11, 1785, Morris County, N.J., U.S.
died April 4, 1861, Cincinnati, Ohio
 Cabinet member and U.S. Supreme Court justice (1829–61) whose most famous opinion was his dissent in the Dred Scott decision (1857). He was also perhaps the most indefatigable seeker of the presidency in U.S. history; although he was never nominated, he made himself “available” in all eight campaigns from 1832 through 1860.

      After two terms in the U.S. House of Representatives (1812–16), McLean was appointed a judge in the Supreme Court of Ohio, a position he resigned in 1822 to become commissioner of the General Land Office under Pres. James Monroe. In 1823 he was named postmaster general and became noted for his efficiency and nonpartisanship in that office. After Pres. Andrew Jackson took office McLean resigned in protest over Jackson's open advocacy of the spoils system of political patronage, which undermined McLean's recent reforms. Jackson thereupon appointed him an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.

      In Dred Scott (Dred Scott decision) v. Sandford (1857), McLean insisted, in a minority opinion, that a slave became free when his owner took him into a state where slavery was not legally established. In McLean's view, a free black was a citizen and thus was able to sue, in a case involving diversity of state citizenship, in a federal court. His position was reflected in the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1868).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • McLean, John — (1828 1886)    Born in Scotland. Educated at the University of Aberdeen; ordained priest, 1858, and became curate of St. Paul s, London, Ontario. Removed to the Red River Settlement as archdeacon of Assiniboia, and professor in St. John s College …   The makers of Canada

  • John McLean (politicien) — John McLean John McLean Nationalité  États Unis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John McLean (homme politique) — John McLean John McLean Nationalité  États Unis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John McLean (Senator) — John McLean John McLean (* 4. Februar 1791 im Guilford County, North Carolina; † 14. Oktober 1830 in Shawneetown, Illinois) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Er war Abgeordneter im Repräsentantenhaus und im Senat der Vereinigten Staaten für… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Tanner — may refer to: *John S. Tanner(born 1944), U.S. congressman from Tennessee *John Riley Tanner(1844 1901), former governor of Illinois *John Tanner (Shaw), character in Bernard Shaw s play Man and Superman *John Tanner (cyclist)(born 1968), British …   Wikipedia

  • John McLean (Leichtathlet) — Medaillenspiegel Leichtathletik Vereinigte Staaten  Vereinigte Staaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • McLean, Virginia —   CDP   Location of McLean in …   Wikipedia

  • McLean Hospital — Geography Location Belmont, Massachusetts, United States Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • John McLean (disambiguation) — John McLean (1785 ndash;1861) was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court.John McLean may also refer to:* John McLean (Illinois politician) (1791 ndash;1830), Illinois politician and U.S. Senator * John McLean (Canadian… …   Wikipedia

  • McLean — ist der Name folgender Personen: A. J. McLean (* 1978), US amerikanischer Sänger Alney McLean (1779–1841), US amerikanischer Politiker Angus Wilton McLean (1870–1935), US amerikanischer Politiker Brett McLean (* 1978), kanadischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia