Matthew, Gospel According to


Matthew, Gospel According to

      first of the four New Testament Gospels (narratives recounting the life and death of Jesus Christ), and, with Mark and Luke, one of the three so-called Synoptic Gospels (i.e., those presenting a common view). It has traditionally been attributed to Matthew, one of the 12 Apostles, described in the text as a tax collector (10:3). The Gospel was composed in Greek, probably sometime after AD 70, with evident dependence on the earlier Gospel According to Mark. There has, however, been extended discussion about the possibility of an earlier version in Aramaic. Numerous textual indications point to an author who was a Jewish Christian writing for Christians of similar background. The Gospel consequently emphasizes Christ's fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies (5:17) and his role as a new lawgiver whose divine mission was confirmed by repeated miracles.

      After tracing the genealogy of Jesus back to Abraham, the evangelist mentions certain details related to the infancy of Christ that are not elsewhere recorded; e.g., Joseph's perplexity on learning that Mary is pregnant, the homage of the Wise Men, the flight into Egypt to escape Herod's soldiers, the massacre of the innocents, and the return of the holy family from Egypt. Matthew then describes the preaching of John the Baptist, the call of the Apostles, and major events in the public ministry of Jesus. The final section describes the betrayal, Crucifixion, burial, and Resurrection of Christ.

      Exegetes view the main body of the Gospel as five extended sermons, one of which includes the memorable Sermon on the Mount (chapters 5–7). Numerous parables are recorded, some very well known but not set down by the other evangelists. One passage, “And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church” (16:18), has become the basis of Roman Catholic belief in the divine institution of the papacy. Matthew's version of the Lord's Prayer (6:9–15) is used in the liturgies of the Christian churches.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Matthew, Gospel according to —    The author of this book was beyond a doubt the Matthew, an apostle of our Lord, whose name it bears. He wrote the Gospel of Christ according to his own plans and aims, and from his own point of view, as did also the other evangelists.    As to …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • MATTHEW, GOSPEL ACCORDING TO —    written not later than 62 A.D., is the earliest record we possess of the ministry and teaching of Christ, and is believed to have been originally a mere collection of His sayings and parables; was written in Aramaic, the spoken language of the …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Gospel according to the Hebrews — The Gospel According to the Hebrews was a work of early Christian literature, already known by the mid 2nd century AD, to which reference is frequently made by the church fathers during the first five centuries of the Christian era, and of which… …   Wikipedia

  • Gospel According to Matthew — noun one of the Gospels in the New Testament; includes the Sermon on the Mount • Syn: ↑Matthew • Instance Hypernyms: ↑Gospel, ↑Gospels, ↑evangel, ↑book • Part Holonyms: ↑New Testament …   Useful english dictionary

  • Luke, Gospel according to —    Was written by Luke. He does not claim to have been an eye witness of our Lord s ministry, but to have gone to the best sources of information within his reach, and to have written an orderly narrative of the facts (Luke 1:1 4). The authors of …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Mark, Gospel according to —    It is the current and apparently well founded tradition that Mark derived his information mainly from the discourses of Peter. In his mother s house he would have abundant opportunities of obtaining information from the other apostles and… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Luke, Gospel According to — ▪ biblical literature       third of the four New Testament Gospels (narratives recounting the life and death of Jesus Christ), and, with Mark and Matthew, one of the three Synoptic Gospels (i.e., those presenting a common view). It is… …   Universalium

  • The Gospel According to St. Matthew (film) — Infobox Film name = The Gospel According to St. Matthew caption = Original poster director = Pier Paolo Pasolini producer = Alfredo Bini writer = Pier Paolo Pasolini narrator = starring = Enrique Irazoqui music = Luis Enríquez Bacalov Carlo… …   Wikipedia

  • The Gospel According to St. Matthew — may refer to:* Gospel of Matthew, one of the four Gospel accounts of the New Testament in the Bible. * The Gospel According to St. Matthew (film), a 1964 Italian film based on the Gospel, directed by Pier Paolo Pasolini …   Wikipedia

  • The Gospel According to Jesus Christ —   …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.