Marsh, Othniel Charles


Marsh, Othniel Charles

▪ American paleontologist
born October 29, 1831, Lockport, New York, U.S.
died March 18, 1899, New Haven, Connecticut
 American paleontologist who made extensive scientific explorations of the western United States and contributed greatly to knowledge of extinct North American vertebrates.

      Marsh spent his entire career at Yale University (1866–99) as the first professor of vertebrate paleontology in the United States. In 1870 he organized the first Yale Scientific Expedition, which explored the Pliocene (5.3 to 1.8 million years ago) deposits of Nebraska and the Miocene (23.8 to 5.3 million years ago) deposits of northern Colorado. Marsh continued to sponsor similar parties nearly every year thereafter until his death. In 1871 his party discovered the first pterodactyl (a flying reptile) found in the United States. In 1882 he was placed in charge of the U.S. Geological Survey's work in vertebrate paleontology, aggravating a fierce rivalry that existed between him and the American paleontologist Edward Cope (Cope, Edward Drinker). Credited with the discovery of more than a thousand fossil vertebrates and the description of at least 500 more, Marsh published major works on toothed birds, gigantic horned mammals, and North American dinosaurs. He also wrote Fossil Horses in America (1874) and Introduction and Succession of Vertebrate Life in America (1877). Marsh garnered national attention in the late 1860s when he revealed that the alleged remains of a prehistoric man (known as the Cardiff Giant) were fake.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Othniel Charles Marsh — Born October 29, 1831(1831 10 29) Lo …   Wikipedia

  • Othniel Charles Marsh — est un zoologiste américain, né le 29 octobre 1831 à Lockport dans l’État de New York et mort le 18 mars 1899 à New Haven dans le Connecticut …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Othniel Charles Marsh — Othniel Charles Marsh. Othniel Charles Marsh ( Lockport, Nueva York, Estados Unidos, 29 de octubre de 1831 18 de marzo de 1899) fue uno de los paleontólogos más destacados del siglo XIX. Durante la llamada Guerra de los Huesos descubrió numerosos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Othniel Charles Marsh — (1831–1899) Othniel Charles Marsh (* 29. Oktober 1831 in Lockport, New York; † 18. März 1899 in New Haven, Connecticut) war einer der überragenden Paläontologen des 19. Jahrhunderts und Pionier der Dinosau …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Othniel Charles Marsh — (29 de octubre de 1831 18 de marzo de 1899) fue uno de los paleontólogos más destacados del siglo XIX. Durante la llamada Guerra de los Huesos descubrió numerosos fósiles en el Oeste americano. Marsh nació en Lockport, Nueva York. Se graduó en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Liste d'espèces découvertes et décrites par Othniel Charles Marsh — Othniel Charles Marsh est un naturaliste américain, un biologiste et un paléontologue. Adversaire acharné d Edward Drinker Cope, il a découvert un grand nombre de nouveaux genres et d espèces fossiles. Seuls les taxons en italique ont été… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Othniel Marsh — Othniel Charles Marsh (1831–1899) Othniel Charles Marsh (* 29. Oktober 1831 in Lockport, New York; † 18. März 1899 in New Haven, Connecticut) war einer der überragenden Paläontologen des 19. Jahrhunderts und Pionier der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marsh — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Marsh », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) Marsh est un mot anglais qui signifie marais,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • marsh — marshlike, adj. /mahrsh/, n. a tract of low wet land, often treeless and periodically inundated, generally characterized by a growth of grasses, sedges, cattails, and rushes. [bef. 900; ME mershe, OE mer(i)sc (c. G Marsch). See MERE2, ISH1; cf.… …   Universalium

  • Marsh — /mahrsh/, n. 1. Dame (Edith) Ngaio /nuy oh/, 1899 1982, New Zealand writer of detective novels. 2. Reginald, 1898 1954, U.S. painter and illustrator. * * * I Freshwater or marine wetland ecosystem characterized by poorly drained mineral soils and …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.