Mar, Serra do

Mar, Serra do

      (Portuguese: “Mountain Range of the Sea”), great escarpment on the eastern margins of the Brazilian Highlands, which descend abruptly to the Atlantic coast. It extends for about 1,600 miles (2,600 km) from Rio Grande do Sul estado (state) all the way northward to Bahia state but is known as the Serra do Mar only in the southern section. The escarpment comprises such ranges as the Mantiqueira and Órgãos to the north of Rio de Janeiro, the Espinhaço and Aimorés mountains of Minas Gerais state and the Diamantina Upland of Bahia state. Sections of these highlands also are known separately or collectively as the Geral Mountains. The range averages between 2,600 and 3,000 feet (800 and 900 m), but in Rio de Janeiro state it is surmounted by the Órgãos Mountains (7,365 feet [2,245 m]), which overlook Guanabara Bay. Until the railroads passed over it in the 19th century, the Serra do Mar historically formed a major barrier to the development of Brazil's vast interior. The escarpment was originally covered by dense tropical and subtropical forests, of which only traces remain.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mar, Serra do — ► Cadena montañosa de Brasil, reborde oriental de la meseta central brasileña; desde el estado del Espirito Santo hasta Rio Grande do Sul; 1 300 km. Sierra dos Orgãos (2 245 m) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Serra do mar — Géographie Altitude 2 316 m, Pico Maior de Friburgo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mar [1] — Mar (Serra do M.), Gebirgszug in der brasilianischen Provinz Espiritu Santo …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Serra do Mar — 26° 00′ 23″ S 48° 57′ 38″ W / 26.00638889, 48.96055556 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mar — (Del lat. mare.) ► sustantivo masculino/ femenino 1 GEOGRAFÍA Masa de agua salada que cubre la mayor parte del planeta terrestre. SINÓNIMO piélago 2 GEOGRAFÍA División determinada en que se divide esta masa de agua: ■ mar Mediterráneo; mar Rojo; …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Serra — is Latin for a saw [ searchmode=none] (a view from a high place, and/or a saw, see serrated and sierra), Italian for greenhouse, and Portuguese for mountain range, may mean a number of different… …   Wikipedia

  • Serra [4] — Serra (in Portugal, Sierra in Spanien), bedeutet eigentlich Säge, daher wegen der zackigen Gipfel Gebirgszug, Gebirge; zu bemerken sind: S. de Abelonira, Theil der S. Morena, s.d. S. de Açor, ein westlich bis gegen Coimbra sich erstreckender… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mar de Espanha —   Municipality and town   Country  Brazil Region Southe …   Wikipedia

  • Serra do Mar Neopelma — Conservation status Least Concern (IUCN 3.1) Scientific classification …   Wikipedia

  • Serra Mar — (Фигейра да Фош,Португалия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Rua de Santo Amaro nº 1, Serra da Boa …   Каталог отелей

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