Magnesia ad Maeandrum

Magnesia ad Maeandrum

▪ ancient city, Turkey
      ancient inland city of Ionia, situated on a small tributary of the Maeander (Büyükmenderes) River about 12 miles southeast of Ephesus. According to Strabo, it was founded by some Thessalian Magnetes, who had collected fellow settlers from Crete en route. Accounted an Aeolian city, it was never, despite its early prosperity, included in the Ionian League. Destroyed in the Cimmerian invasion of c. 650 BC, it slowly recovered and became the residence of Oroetes, the Persian satrap, who murdered Polycrates of Samos there about 522, and later of the exiled Themistocles, who received it, with other towns, from Artaxerxes I and issued some Magnesian coins about 460. Too far inland to enter the Athenian Empire, it was transplanted some time later to a more defensible site among the eastern foothills of Mt. Thorax. The new city assumed a monumental form about 200 BC. It continued to flourish under the kings of Pergamum and the Roman Republic, and produced Hegesias, founder of the rhetorical school called “Asiatic.” It resisted Mithradates VI of Pontus in 87 BC, and was rewarded with political freedom by Sulla. It appears to have declined under the empire, though on a rare bronze coin of the time of Gordian III (AD 238–244) it still calls itself the seventh city of Asia.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Magnesia ad Maeandrum — (ital.: Magnesia al Meandro) ist ein Titularbistum der römisch katholischen Kirche. Es geht zurück auf einen untergegangenen Bischofssitz in der antiken Stadt Magnesia am Mäander, die in der römischen Provinz Asia (heute westliche Türkei) lag.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Magnesia am Mäander — (griechisch Μαγνησία ἐπὶ Μαιάνδρῳ) war eine antike Stadt im Westen Kleinasiens in der heutigen Türkei. Die Überreste der Stadt sind in der Ebene des Mäander (türkisch Büyük Menderes) von der Straße von Selçuk nach Söke aus zu sehen. Im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Magnesia (disambiguation) — *Magnesia, deriving from the Macedonian tribe name Magnetes, is the name of the southeastern area of Thessaly in central Greece. * Magnesia was also the name of two cities in ancient Lydia (modern Turkey) founded by Greek Magnesians. **One of… …   Wikipedia

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  • List of titular sees — This is an incomplete list of titular sees of the Roman Catholic Church. There are over 2,000 titular sees. A*Abaradira *Abari *Abbir Germaniciana *Abbir Maius *Abdera *Abercornia *Abernethia *Abidda *Abila in Palaestina *Abila Lysaniae *Abitinae …   Wikipedia

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