Lycoperdaceae


Lycoperdaceae

▪ order of fungi
 family of fungi in the order Agaricales (phylum Basidiomycota, kingdom Fungi) that includes about 160 species, among them earthstars and puffballs, which are found in soil or on decaying wood in grassy areas and woods. Many puffballs, named for the features of the fruiting body (basidiocarp), are edible before maturity, at which time the internal tissues become dry and powdery. Puffs of spores discharge when the fruiting structure is disturbed. Calbovista subsculpta, an edible puffball, is found along old road beds and in pastures.

      Lycoperdon is a genus of 50 cosmopolitan species of small common puffballs. L. perlatum (gemmatum) has spotlike scars on the surface and is edible only when young. These fungi are found in the woods or on sawdust in summer and autumn.

      Calvatia is a genus of about 35 species that are especially common in temperate regions. The giant puffball (C. gigantea), edible while young and white inside, is found in late summer on wet humus or soil. The fruiting body may be as large as 120 cm (4 feet) across and contain 1013 spores.

      Another genus is Geastrum (Geaster), consisting of about 50 widespread species of earthstars with an expanded starlike base. They are found among dead leaves in woods in summer and autumn.

      A related group of puffballs and earthstars, the Sclerodermataceae, is placed within the order Boletales. Individuals of these species, found in soil and rotting wood, form puffball-like fruiting bodies with a hard outer wall and a dark-coloured interior when mature.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lycoperdaceae — prop. n. A natural family of fungi including the genus {Lycoperdon}, consisting of puffballs. Syn: family {Lycoperdaceae}. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lycoperdaceae —   Lycoperdaceae Lycoperdon perlatum …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lycoperdaceae — Taxobox name = Lycoperdaceae image width = 240px image caption = Lycoperdon perlatum regnum = Fungi divisio = Basidiomycota classis = Agaricomycetes ordo = Agaricales familia = Lycoperdaceae (= Agaricaceae) subdivision ranks = Genera subdivision …   Wikipedia

  • Lycoperdaceae — Les lycoperdacées formaient une famille de champignons basidiomycètes à lames (ordre des agaricales). Liens externes Référence Index Fungorum : Lycoperdaceae (en) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lycoperdaceae — noun a fungus family belonging to the order Lycoperdales; includes puffballs • Syn: ↑family Lycoperdaceae • Hypernyms: ↑fungus family • Member Holonyms: ↑Lycoperdales, ↑order Lycoperdales …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lycoperdaceae — Ly·co·per·da·ceae (li″ko pər daґse e) a family of puffballs, fungi of the order Lycoperdales; it includes the genus Lycoperdon …   Medical dictionary

  • lycoperdaceae — ly·co·per·da·ce·ae …   English syllables

  • family Lycoperdaceae — noun a fungus family belonging to the order Lycoperdales; includes puffballs • Syn: ↑Lycoperdaceae • Hypernyms: ↑fungus family • Member Holonyms: ↑Lycoperdales, ↑order Lycoperdales • Me …   Useful english dictionary

  • Дождевики — (Lycoperdaceae) подотдел, или семейство, вздутых грибов, или гастромицетов (см. Вздутые грибы). Сюда относятся роды Lycoperdon, Bovista, Geaster, Sphaerobolus, Tulostoma (Tylostoma), Batarrea и др. Представители трех первых родов распространены у …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

  • Handkea utriformis — Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia