Loranthaceae


Loranthaceae

▪ plant family
      one of the mistletoe families of the sandalwood order (Santalales), having approximately 65 genera and about 850 species of parasitic flowering trees or shrubs. Some authorities also consider the 11 genera and about 450 species of the family Viscaceae, including the commonly known mistletoes of the genera Arceuthobium and Phoradendron in North America and of the genera Viscum in Europe, to be part of the Loranthaceae family.

      The striking Australian Christmas tree (Nuytsia floribunda) belongs to the family Loranthaceae. The Old World tropical genus Loranthus, with about 500 species, is the largest genus in this family. Nearly all of the Loranthaceae are limited to the tropics. The plants range in size from small herbs to trees up to 10 m (about 33 feet) high; the smaller species are usually woody parasites on tree branches, while the larger species are root parasites. The unlobed leaves are usually evergreen, sometimes thick and fleshy, and arranged in pairs, each leaf opposite the other on the branch. The green leaves contain some chlorophyll, which allows the plants to manufacture food, but all Loranthaceae are parasitic to a certain extent and form connections (haustoria) to their hosts to obtain water and nutrients. The flowers are usually bisexual, and the fruits are almost always one-seeded berries. The berries are eaten by birds, who distribute the seeds by depositing them on trees or shedding them in droppings.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Loranthaceae — Loranthaceae …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Loranthacĕae — Loranthacĕae, Pflanzenfamilie aus der Klasse der Discanthae; immergrüne, gabelästige Sträucher, auf Bäumen schmarotzend; Äste knotig, oft an den Knoten gegliedert, Blätter meist gegenständig, dick, rindenartig, ganz randig, gliederod. handnervig; …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Loranthaceae —   [lateinisch griechisch], wissenschaftlicher Name der Mistelgewächse …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Loranthaceae — Ligari …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Loranthaceae —   Loranthaceae Ligaria cuneifolia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Loranthaceae — Riemenblumengewächse Ligaria cuneifolia aus Argentinien. Systematik Unterreich: Gefäßpflanzen (Tracheobionta) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Loranthaceae — Taxobox name = Loranthaceae image width = 240px image caption = Ligaria cuneifolia regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Santalales familia = Loranthaceae subdivision ranks = Genera subdivision = See… …   Wikipedia

  • Loranthaceae — noun in some classification includes Viscaceae: parasitic or hemiparasitic shrublets or shrubs or small trees of tropical and temperate regions; attach to hosts by haustoria • Syn: ↑family Loranthaceae, ↑mistletoe family • Hypernyms: ↑dilleniid… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Loranthaceae — …   Википедия

  • loranthaceae — lo·ran·tha·ce·ae …   English syllables


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.