Loewy, Raymond


Loewy, Raymond

▪ American industrial designer
in full  Raymond Fernand Loewy 
born Nov. 5, 1893, Paris, France
died July 14, 1986, Monaco
 French-born American industrial designer who, through his accomplishments in product design beginning in the 1930s, helped to establish industrial design as a profession.

      Loewy studied electrical engineering at the University of Paris, graduating in 1910. His studies in advanced engineering at the École de Lanneau were interrupted by World War I, in which he served in the French Army; he received his degree in 1918.

      Loewy immigrated to the United States in 1919 and worked as a fashion illustrator for Vogue magazine and later as a designer of window displays for New York City department stores. Loewy's first major success came when he redesigned the Gestetner copier, giving it a form that was to remain unchanged for 40 years. He started his own design organization in 1929. His design in 1934 of a refrigerator for Sears, Roebuck and Co. (Sears, Roebuck and Company) was a great commercial triumph and won first prize at the Paris International Exposition of 1937. During the 1930s and '40s Loewy designed a wide variety of household products with rounded corners and simplified outlines. In 1945 he formed Raymond Loewy Associates with five partners; it became the largest industrial design firm in the world.

      In the years that followed, Loewy's vision of beauty through the use of “streamlined,” highly functional forms shaped modern industrial design in the United States, and the images of his work permeated the nation's lifestyle. Working closely with client engineers, he made notable designs for Studebaker automobiles, locomotives and passenger cars for the Pennsylvania Railroad, and buses for Greyhound. He also made important contributions to the design of such products as electric shavers, toothbrushes, ballpoint pens, office machines, soft-drink bottles, radios, and packages, including that for Lucky Strike cigarettes. Perhaps his best-known design was that of the Coca-Cola bottle.

      In the 1960s and '70s Loewy applied his expertise and his formula of sleek and simplified lines to objects used in aerospace technology. He designed the graphics and the interior of Air Force One for Pres. John F. Kennedy, and from 1967 to 1973 he worked for the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, producing interior designs for the Apollo (Apollo program) and Skylab orbiters.

      Loewy wrote The Locomotive (1937), Never Leave Well Enough Alone (1951), and Industrial Design (1979).

Additional Reading
Philippe Trétiack, Raymond Loewy and Streamlined Design (1999); Paul Jodard, Raymond Loewy (1992); Angela Schönberger and Stephen Bayley (eds.), Raymond Loewy: Pioneer of American Industrial Design (1990).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Loewy, Raymond (Fernand) — born Nov. 5, 1893, Paris, Fr. died July 14, 1986, Monaco French born U.S. industrial designer. After obtaining an advanced degree in electrical engineering, he immigrated in 1919 to New York City, where he worked as a fashion illustrator and… …   Universalium

  • Loewy, Raymond (Fernand) — (5 nov. 1893, París, Francia–14 jul. 1986, Mónaco). Diseñador industrial estadounidense de origen francés. Luego de obtener un título avanzado en ingeniería eléctrica emigró en 1919 a la ciudad de Nueva York, donde trabajó como ilustrador de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Raymond Loewy — Raymond Fernand Loewy (5 November, 1893 14 July, 1986) was one of the best known industrial designers of the 20th century. Born in France, he spent most of his professional career in the United States where he influenced countless aspects of… …   Wikipedia

  • Raymond Loewy — (* 5. November 1893 in Paris; † 14. Juli 1986 in Monaco) war ein bedeutender Industriedesigner und gilt als einer der Erfinder des Stromliniendesigns. Ein von Loewy entworfener Klappsitz für ein Schlafwagenabteil …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LOEWY (R.) — Raymond LOEWY 1893 1986 Le designer Raymond Loewy a dû attendre l’âge de quatre vingt deux ans pour que son œuvre fasse l’objet d’une exposition dans sa ville natale, Paris – au Centre Georges Pompidou, en 1975 –, alors qu’il était célèbre dans… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Raymond Lœwy — Raymond Loewy Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lœwy. Raymond Loewy (5 novembre 1893 à Paris 14 juillet 1986 à Monaco), est un designer industriel et un graphiste franco américain. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Raymond Loewy — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Raymond Loewy (5 de noviembre de 1893 14 de julio de 1986) fue uno de los diseñadores industriales más conocidos del siglo XX. Nació en Francia, pero desarrolló casi toda su carrera profesional en los Estados Unidos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Loewy — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Adolf Loewy (1862−1937), deutscher Physiologe Albert Loewy (1816−1908), Rabbiner und Orientalist Alfred Loewy (1873–1935), deutscher Mathematiker Emanuel Loewy (1857−1938), Archäologe und Kunsthistoriker… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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