Leskien, August


Leskien, August

▪ German linguist
born July 8, 1840, Kiel, Holstein
died Sept. 20, 1916, Leipzig

      German linguist noted for wide-ranging contributions to comparative Indo-European linguistics, particularly for his still authoritative work on the Baltic (Baltic languages) and Slavic (Slavic languages) groups. He also originated the formulation that “phonetic laws have no exceptions,” meaning that linguistic change occurs neither haphazardly nor by chance but under definable, constant conditions.

      As a professor at the University of Leipzig (1870–1916), Leskien became a chief proponent of the Neogrammarian school of linguistics, which advocated rigorous research methods and clung to the principles expressed by his catchphrase. He early began to concentrate on the study of Baltic and Slavic languages and in 1871 first published his Handbuch der altbulgarischen Sprache (“Handbook of the Old Bulgarian Language”). In succeeding editions he achieved a refined and widely heeded analysis of the Old Church Slavonic literary language.

      His other works include a study of the noun declension in Slavic, Baltic, and Germanic (1876) and several studies on Lithuanian and Slavic accentology. He furthered the study of Old Church Slavonic with a grammar (1909) and completed the first volume of a Serbo-Croatian grammar (1914). His contributions to Lithuanian include a combined grammar and reader (1919) that was used by students for decades. Leskien also did considerable research in Lithuanian and South Slavic folk poetry.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Leskien, August — ► (1840 1916) Lingüista alemán eslavista. Karl Brugmann y él fueron los primeros en establecer la regularidad de las leyes fonéticas. Autor de Las leyes fonéticas no tienen excepciones (1876) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Leskien — Leskien, August …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • August Leskien — August Leskien. August Leskien (né le 8 juillet 1840 à Kiel et mort le 20 septembre 1916 à Leipzig) était un linguiste allemand et spécialiste des langues slaves et du lituanien. Il était professeur à l université de Leipzig …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Leskien — Leskien, August, Sprachforscher, besonders namhafter Slawist, geb. 8. Juli 1840 in Kiel, studierte seit 1860 in seiner Vaterstadt und später in Leipzig klassische Philologie und Sprachwissenschaft, war 1864 bis 1866 in letzterer Stadt Lehrer an… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Leskien — Leskien,   August, Slawist, * Kiel 8. 7. 1840, ✝ Leipzig 20. 9. 1916; 1869 Professor in Jena, seit 1870 in Leipzig; einer der Begründer der junggrammatischen Schule (Junggrammatiker); arbeitete v. a. über das Altbulgarische, das Litauische und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • August Leskien — (1913) Grabstätte August Leskien auf dem …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • August Leskien — (July 8 1840 ndash; September 20 1916) was a German linguist active in the field of comparative linguistics, particularly relating to the Baltic and Slavic languages. Lesbien was born in Kiel. He studied philology at the universities of Kiel and… …   Wikipedia

  • Leskien — ist der Name von August Leskien (1840−1916), deutscher Indogermanist und Slawist Hermann Leskien (* 1939), ehemaliger Generaldirektor der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung m …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • August (disambiguation) — August is the eighth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days.August may also refer to:PeopleGiven name*Augustus, a Roman emperor *August Krogh, a Danish professor *August Leskien, a …   Wikipedia

  • August Schleicher — (* 19. Februar 1821 in Meiningen; † 6. Dezember 1868 in Jena) war ein deutscher Sprachwissenschaftler; gilt als Begründer der Stammbaumtheorie in der vergleichenden Sprachforschung und zusammen mit Franz Bopp als Wegbereiter der Indogermanistik.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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