Land League


Land League

▪ Irish agrarian organization
      Irish agrarian organization that worked for the reform of the country's landlord system under British rule. The league was founded in October 1879 by Michael Davitt (Davitt, Michael), the son of an evicted tenant farmer and a member of the Fenian (Irish Republican) Brotherhood. Davitt asked Charles Stewart Parnell (Parnell, Charles Stewart), leader of the Irish Home Rule Party in the British Parliament, to preside over the league; this linking of the land reform movement with parliamentary activity constituted a new departure in the Irish national movement.

      The league's program was based upon the “three F's”: fair rent, fixity of tenure, and free sale of the right of occupancy. The passage in 1881 of Gladstone's Land Act, restricting the privileges of landlords, was a victory for the league. Parnell's increasingly violent speeches, however, led to his arrest on Oct. 13, 1881, and the league called on tenants to withhold all rents. The government used this “no-rent manifesto” as a pretext for its suppression of the league on October 20.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Land League — n. In Ireland, a combination of tenant farmers and other, organized, with Charles Stewart Parnell as president, in 1879 with a view to the reduction of farm rents and a reconstruction of the land laws. {Land *lea guer}, n. {Land *lea guism}, n.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • land league — reglamentinė lyga statusas T sritis Standartizacija ir metrologija apibrėžtis D. Britanijos ir JAV ilgio matavimo vienetas. 1 reglamentinė lyga lygi 3 sausumos mylioms arba 4828,032 m. atitikmenys: angl. land league; statute league rus. статутная …   Penkiakalbis aiškinamasis metrologijos terminų žodynas

  • land league — noun 1. : a league used as a land unit equal to three statute miles compare marine league 2. : league I 2 …   Useful english dictionary

  • LAND LEAGUE —    an organisation founded by DAVITT (q.v. DAVITT, MICHAEL) in Ireland in 1879 to deal with the land question, and suppressed in 1881 as illegal …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • The land league — League League (l[=e]g), n. [F. ligue, LL. liga, fr. L. ligare to bind; cf. Sp. liga. Cf. {Ally} a confederate, {Ligature}.] 1. An alliance or combination of two or more nations, parties, organizations, or persons, for the accomplishment of a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Irish National Land League — The Irish Land League was an Irish political organization of the late 19th century which sought to help poor tenant farmers. Its primary aim was to abolish landlordism in Ireland and enable tenant farmers to own the land they worked on. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Highland Land League — The first Highland Land League emerged as a distinct political force in Scotland during the 1880s, with its power base in the country s Highlands and Islands. It was known also as the Highland Land Law Reform Association and the Crofters Party.… …   Wikipedia

  • James Daly (Irish Land League) — James Daly (born in County Mayo, Ireland in 1838; died in County Mayo in 1910) was an Irish nationalist activist best known for his work in support of tenant farmers rights and the formation of the Irish National Land League.BeginningsDaly was a… …   Wikipedia

  • Irish National Land League — Die Irish Land League (ILL) war eine politische Organisation des 19. Jahrhunderts in Irland, die zum Ziel hatte, die Situation armer Bauern (Pächter) zu verbessern. Der Boden im unter britischer Herrschaft stehenden Irland war damals im Besitz… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Irish Land League — Die Irish Land League (ILL) war eine politische Organisation des 19. Jahrhunderts in Irland, die zum Ziel hatte, die Situation armer Bauern (Pächter) zu verbessern. Der Boden im unter britischer Herrschaft stehenden Irland war damals im Besitz… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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