- Lancaster, Henry, 1st Duke and 4th Earl of, Earl Of Leicester, Earl Of Derby, Earl Of Lincoln, Earl Of Moray, Lord Lancaster
▪ English soldier and diplomat [1300-1361]born c. 1300, , perhaps at Grosmont Castle, Monmouthshire, Walesdied March 24, 1361, Leicester, Leicestershire, Eng.soldier and diplomatist, the most trusted adviser of King Edward III of England (reigned 1327–77). He was unquestionably the most powerful feudal lord in England at that time.The son of Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, he was the great-grandson of King Henry III and grandfather of King Henry IV. Created Earl of Derby in 1337, he succeeded to his father's earldoms of Lancaster and Leicester in 1345. In 1349 he was made Earl of Lincoln and in 1351 Duke of Lancaster, with sovereign (or palatine) powers within his domains. King David II of Scotland created him Earl of Moray in 1359.During the Hundred Years' War between France and England (1337–1453), Henry served in the naval battles off Sluis (now in The Netherlands) in 1340 and off Winchelsea, Sussex, in 1350. From 1345 to 1347 he was Edward III's lieutenant and captain in southwestern France; he won a notable victory over a superior French force at Auberoche in Périgord, October 1345, and sacked Poitiers in October 1346. In 1349 he was appointed captain and vice-regent of Gascony and Poitou. As Edward's commissioner in France, he was largely responsible for negotiating in May 1360 the provisional Treaty of Brétigny, ending the first phase of the war. At various times he was sent on embassies to most of the courts of Europe. He died of the plague.Upon the death of Lancaster's older daughter, Maud, in 1362, the Lancastrian titles and estates passed to his younger daughter, Blanche, and her husband, John of Gaunt. Their son became King Henry IV, the first Lancastrian ruler of England.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Duke of Lancaster — This article is about the Duke of Lancaster. For the ship, see TSS Duke of Lancaster. For the regiment of the British Army, see Duke of Lancaster s Regiment. Henry, Prince of Wales, was the last person to hold the title before it merged in the… … Wikipedia
Earl of Lindsey — For the creation in the peerage of Scotland, see Earl of Lindsay. Robert Bertie, 1st Earl of Lindsey. Earl of Lindsey is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1626 for the 14th Baron Willoughby de Eresby (see Baron Willoughby de… … Wikipedia
Edward III — 1312 77, king of England 1327 77 (son of Edward II). * * * known as Edward of Windsor born Nov. 13, 1312, Windsor, Berkshire, Eng. died June 21, 1377, Sheen, Surrey King of England (1327–77). His mother, Isabella of France, deposed his father,… … Universalium
United Kingdom — a kingdom in NW Europe, consisting of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: formerly comprising Great Britain and Ireland 1801 1922. 58,610,182; 94,242 sq. mi. (244,100 sq. km). Cap.: London. Abbr.: U.K. Official name, United Kingdom of Great… … Universalium