Lanarkshire


Lanarkshire

▪ former county, Scotland, United Kingdom
also called  Lanark 

      historic county of south-central Scotland, roughly coinciding with the basin of the River Clyde. It is bounded to the south by the historic county of Dumfriesshire, to the east by Peeblesshire, Midlothian, and West Lothian, to the north by Stirlingshire and Dunbartonshire, and to the west by Renfrewshire and Ayrshire. It encompasses all of the council areas of South Lanarkshire and the City of Glasgow, most of the council area of North Lanarkshire, and part of the council area of East Dunbartonshire.

      Lanarkshire probably became an administrative region during the reign of David I (1124–53). The county was the scene of several notable episodes in Scottish history. The Scottish nationalist William Wallace (Wallace, Sir William) attacked the garrison at Lanark in 1297. In 1568 Mary, Queen of Scots (Mary), and her supporters were defeated in the Battle of Langside (located in Lanarkshire); this defeat led to her flight to England and imprisonment. The Battles of Drumclog and Bothwell Bridge (both in 1679), between the Covenanters (Covenanter) and government forces, also took place in the county. During the 17th and 18th centuries Glasgow prospered as a port by tapping the growing trade with the American colonies. It subsequently became a major shipbuilding centre. Rapid industrial development, based mainly on textile manufacture, began in Lanarkshire in the middle of the 18th century. With the discovery of large iron deposits in the 19th century, an iron and steel industry developed. The county was in the forefront of the struggle to improve the lot of the working classes. In the early 19th century Robert Owen (Owen, Robert) conducted his influential social welfare programs at his cotton mills in New Lanark. The decline of Lanarkshire's textile manufacture and traditional heavy industries during the late 20th century brought a period of difficult economic adjustment.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lanarkshire — (schottisch Gälisch: Siorrachd Lannraig) ist eine der traditionellen Grafschaften von Schottland. Historisch umfasst Lanarkshire Glasgow und sein südöstliches Umland. Es grenzt im Norden an Dunbartonshire sowie Stirlingshire, im Nordosten an West …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lanarkshire —    LANARKSHIRE, an extensive inland county, in the south of Scotland, bounded on the north by the counties of Dumbarton and Stirling; on the east, by the counties of Linlithgow, Edinburgh, and Peebles; on the south, by Dumfriesshire; and on the… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Lanarkshire —   [ lænəkʃɪə], Verwaltungsdistrikte in Schottland, North Lanarkshire und South Lanarkshire …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lanarkshire — an area in south central Scotland, which includes the counties of South and North Lanarkshire …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Lanarkshire — (spr. lännarkschĭr), Grafschaft im südwestlichen Schottland, im Tal des Clyde, daher auch Clydesdale genannt, grenzt im N. an die Grafschaften Stirling, Dumbarton, Linlithgow und Edinburg, im O. an Peebles, im S. an Dumfries, im W. an Ayr und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lanarkshire — Lanark   County (until circa 1890)   Country Scotland …   Wikipedia

  • Lanarkshire — 55°35′N 3°50′W / 55.583, 3.833 Le Lanarkshire (Siorrachd Lannraig en gaélique écossais, Coontie o Lanric …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lanarkshire — Situación geográfica de Lanarkshire, Escocia. Lanarkshire (Siorrachd Lannraig en gaélico), oficialmente Condado de Lanark, era un condado tradicional de Escocia. Limitaba al norte con Stirlingshire y una parte de Dunbartonshire, al noreste con… …   Wikipedia Español

  • lanarkshire — ˈlanə(r)kˌshi(ə)r, ˌshiə, shə(r) adjective or lanark Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Lanarkshire or Lanark county, Scotland : of or from the county of Lanark, Scotland : of the ki …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lanarkshire — geographical name see Lanark 1 …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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