lamellaphone


lamellaphone

also called  mbira,  likembe,  kalimba,  or  thumb piano  
 African musical instrument consisting of a set of tuned metal or bamboo tongues (lamellae) of varying length attached at one end to a soundboard that often has a box or calabash resonator. Board-mounted lamellaphones are often played inside gourds or bowls for increased resonance, and the timbre may be modified by attaching rattling devices to the board or resonator or by attaching metal cuffs at the base of the tongues.

      The lamellaphone is often classified as a plucked idiophone—i.e., an instrument whose sounding parts are resonant solids. This term, however, is not strictly accurate, because the tongues are not plucked but rather depressed and released with the thumbs and fingers. The lamellaphone is commonly played as an accompaniment to song, but in some areas it is used for purely instrumental music.

      The lamellaphone was described by European travelers as early as 1586. It is widely distributed throughout sub-Saharan Africa in the same regions as the xylophone, to which its tuning is similar and with which it shares several local names. It was taken to Latin America by African slaves during the 19th century.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • African music — Introduction       the musical sounds and practices of all indigenous peoples of Africa, including the Berber in the Sahara and the San (Bushmen) and Khoikhoin (Hottentot) in Southern Africa. The music of European settler communities and that of… …   Universalium

  • percussion instrument — a musical instrument, as the drum, cymbal, triangle, xylophone, or piano, that is struck to produce a sound, as distinguished from string or wind instruments. [1870 75] * * * A musical instrument that is struck (or sometimes shaken or scraped) to …   Universalium

  • Mbira — or Sanza Mbira dzavadzimu Other instrument Classification Lamellophone, Plucked Idiophone Hornbostel–Sachs classification 122.1 (Plu …   Wikipedia

  • List of musical instruments — The following is a list of musical instruments, categorized by section. Please add to List of musical instruments by Hornbostel Sachs number also. See also List of instruments by nationality and There are 482 musical instruments listed. This… …   Wikipedia

  • Lamellophone — (also spelled Lamellaphone ), also referred to as linguaphone (from tongue , i.e. a long thin plate that is fixed only at one end) describes any of a family of musical instruments. The name comes from the Latin root lamella for plate , and the… …   Wikipedia

  • Anasheed — Nasheed redirects here. For the President of the Maldives, see Mohamed Nasheed. Part of a series on Islamic culture …   Wikipedia

  • James Makubuya — James K. Makubuya (born in Gayaza, Kyaddondo County, Mpigi District, Uganda) is a Ugandan born ethnomusicologist, instrumentalist, singer, dancer, and choreographer. He plays several traditional instruments from various parts of Uganda, including …   Wikipedia

  • Array mbira — The array mbira is a meticulously hand crafted modern musical instrument, made in the USA by its inventor Bill Wesley and skilled artisan and innovator Patrick Hadley. It s directly related to the African mbira thumb piano which is native to… …   Wikipedia

  • Queen Marimba — is a folk hero whose accomplishments have become part of the folklore of Africa. As is customary in most African cultures she is considered to be a god and was one of the immortals. There has been scant research done on her and presently the most …   Wikipedia

  • Oopoochawa — or Opochawa, also known as quisanche (Montevideo, Uruguay) is a type of mbira or lamellaphone from South America. Contents 1 See also 2 References 3 Journal Articles …   Wikipedia