▪ king of Naples

born Feb. 11, 1377, Naples [Italy]
died Aug. 6, 1414, Naples

      king of Naples (from 1386), claimant to the throne of Hungary (from 1390), and prince of Taranto (from 1406). He became a skilled political and military leader, taking advantage of power struggles on the Italian peninsula to greatly expand his kingdom and his power.

      Succeeding his father, Charles III, in 1386, Ladislas was king at age nine under the regency of his mother, Margaret of Durazzo. Expelled from Naples in 1387 by the rival claimant Louis II of Anjou, he first subdued the recalcitrant Neapolitan barons and finally, in 1399, drove out Louis, who no longer was supported by France. In pursuance of his father's Hungarian ambitions, he led an expedition into Dalmatia and declared himself king of Hungary at Zara in August 1404, though he actually controlled very little territory. Thereupon, he returned to Naples to suppress once again the rebel barons.

      When Boniface IX died in 1404, Ladislas supported the new pope, Innocent VII, against the antipope Benedict XIII, who was an ally of Louis. After Ladislas occupied Rome, Innocent proclaimed him protector of the church as well as governor of the Campagna and the Marittima. After the death of his powerful adversary Raimondo del Balzo-Orsini, prince of Taranto, he married the widowed Marie d'Enghien, thereby gaining the principality of Taranto.

      When Gregory XII, who succeeded Innocent (1406), seemed ready to reach an accord to end the papal schism, Ladislas in the spring of 1408 occupied Rome, Lazio (Latium), and Umbria and tried to impede the Council of Pisa. Nevertheless, the council elected Alexander V pope in 1409, deposing both Gregory and Benedict. While Ladislas supported Gregory, Alexander's successor, the Pisan antipope John XXIII (John (XXIII)) crowned Louis king of Naples (1411). Defeated by Louis at Roccasecca, Ladislas reorganized his forces, made peace with Florence, and won the aid of the skilled condottiere Muzio Attendolo Sforza. Ladislas' position was so much strengthened that Pope John agreed to give him money and land in return for Ladislas' disavowal of Gregory (1412).

      An impending accord between Pope John and Sigismund, newly elected German king and claimant to the Hungarian throne, however, led Ladislas to occupy and sack Rome (June 1413). He advanced to Bologna to prevent John from joining Sigismund. After having made peace with Florence and Siena, Ladislas fell ill and was taken back to Naples, where he died.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Ladislas — m Latinate form of Polish WŁADISŁAW (SEE Władysław), Czech VLADISLAV (SEE Vladislav), or Hungarian LÁSZLÓ (SEE László), occasionally used in Britain, the Netherlands, and elsewhere, but mainly as a translation name. Variant: Ladislaus …   First names dictionary

  • Ladislas V — ▪ king of Hungary and Bohemia byname  Ladislas Posthumus,  Hungarian  László Postumus,  Czech  Ladislav Pohrobek   born Feb. 22, 1440, Komárom, Hung. [now Komarno, Slovakia] died Nov. 23, 1457, Prague, Bohemia [now in Czech Republic]       boy… …   Universalium

  • Ladislas I — or Saint Ladislas born June 27, 1040, Pol. died July 29, 1095, Nitra, Slvk.; canonized 1192; feast day June 27 King of Hungary (1077–95). He greatly expanded the boundaries of the kingdom, gaining land in Transylvania and occupying Croatia (1091) …   Universalium

  • Ladislas IV — ▪ king of Hungary byname  Ladislas The Cuman, or Kuman,  Hungarian  Kun László  born 1262 died July 10, 1290, Körösszeg, Hung.       king of Hungary who, by his support of the German king Rudolf I at the Battle of Dürnkrut, helped to establish… …   Universalium

  • Ladislas — Vladislas Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Vladislas, Vladislav ou Ladislas fut le nom de plusieurs rois ou princes de Pologne, de Bohême et de Hongrie. Voir : Liste des souverains… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ladislas — Provenance. Vient du slave vladi et slava Signifie : qui possède et gloire Se fête le 27 juin. Histoire. Couronné roi de Hongrie en 1077, Ladislas poursuit l oeuvre de christianisation du pays commencée par Saint Etienne. Il fonde l évêché de… …   Dictionnaire des prénoms français, arabes et bretons

  • Ladislas IV. — Ladislaus IV. von Ungarn, Illustration in der Thúróczy Chronik Ladislaus IV. genannt der Kumane, ungarisch IV. László, kroatisch Ladislav IV. Kumanac, (* 1262; † 10. Juli 1290 in Kőrösszeg/Siebenbürgen) aus dem Geschlecht der Árpáden war von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ladislas IV le Bref — Ladislas Ier de Pologne Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ladislas Ier. Ladislas Ier le Bref …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ladislas Ier De Pologne — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ladislas Ier. Ladislas Ier le Bref …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ladislas Ier Lokietek — Ladislas Ier de Pologne Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ladislas Ier. Ladislas Ier le Bref …   Wikipédia en Français

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»