lactic-acid bacterium


lactic-acid bacterium

plural  lactic-acid bacteria,  

      any member of several genera of gram-positive, rod- or sphere-shaped bacteria that produce lactic acid as the principal or sole end product of carbohydrate fermentation. Lactic-acid bacteria are aerotolerant anaerobes that are chiefly responsible for the pickling conditions necessary for the manufacture of pickles, sauerkraut, green olives, some varieties of sausage, and certain milk products, such as buttermilk, yogurt, and some cheeses. Under certain conditions, lactic-acid bacteria may contribute to dental caries and infective endocarditis. Important members include Streptococcus, Lactobacillus, and Pediococcus.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • lactic acid bacterium — noun or lactic bacterium : any of various bacteria chiefly of the genera Lactobacillus and Streptococcus that produce predominantly lactic fermentation on suitable media and some of which are used in the commercial production of lactic acid and… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lactic acid — Lactic Lac tic, a. [L. lac, lactis, milk: cf. F. lactique. See {Lacteal}, and cf. {Galactic}.] (Physiol. Chem.) Of or pertaining to milk; procured from sour milk or whey; as, lactic acid; lactic fermentation, etc. [1913 Webster] {Lactic acid}… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ethylidene lactic acid — Lactic Lac tic, a. [L. lac, lactis, milk: cf. F. lactique. See {Lacteal}, and cf. {Galactic}.] (Physiol. Chem.) Of or pertaining to milk; procured from sour milk or whey; as, lactic acid; lactic fermentation, etc. [1913 Webster] {Lactic acid}… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ordinary lactic acid — Lactic Lac tic, a. [L. lac, lactis, milk: cf. F. lactique. See {Lacteal}, and cf. {Galactic}.] (Physiol. Chem.) Of or pertaining to milk; procured from sour milk or whey; as, lactic acid; lactic fermentation, etc. [1913 Webster] {Lactic acid}… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lactic bacterium — noun see lactic acid bacterium …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bacterium lacticum — Lactic Lac tic, a. [L. lac, lactis, milk: cf. F. lactique. See {Lacteal}, and cf. {Galactic}.] (Physiol. Chem.) Of or pertaining to milk; procured from sour milk or whey; as, lactic acid; lactic fermentation, etc. [1913 Webster] {Lactic acid}… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bacterium lactis — Lactic Lac tic, a. [L. lac, lactis, milk: cf. F. lactique. See {Lacteal}, and cf. {Galactic}.] (Physiol. Chem.) Of or pertaining to milk; procured from sour milk or whey; as, lactic acid; lactic fermentation, etc. [1913 Webster] {Lactic acid}… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lactic — Lac tic, a. [L. lac, lactis, milk: cf. F. lactique. See {Lacteal}, and cf. {Galactic}.] (Physiol. Chem.) Of or pertaining to milk; procured from sour milk or whey; as, lactic acid; lactic fermentation, etc. [1913 Webster] {Lactic acid} (Physiol.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lactic ferment — Lactic Lac tic, a. [L. lac, lactis, milk: cf. F. lactique. See {Lacteal}, and cf. {Galactic}.] (Physiol. Chem.) Of or pertaining to milk; procured from sour milk or whey; as, lactic acid; lactic fermentation, etc. [1913 Webster] {Lactic acid}… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lactic fermentation — Lactic Lac tic, a. [L. lac, lactis, milk: cf. F. lactique. See {Lacteal}, and cf. {Galactic}.] (Physiol. Chem.) Of or pertaining to milk; procured from sour milk or whey; as, lactic acid; lactic fermentation, etc. [1913 Webster] {Lactic acid}… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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