Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, Gustav


Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, Gustav

▪ German diplomat and industrialist
original name  Gustav Von Bohlen Und Halbach  
born Aug. 7, 1870, The Hague, Neth.
died Jan. 16, 1950, Blühnbach, near Salzburg, Austria

      German diplomat who married the heiress of the Krupp family of industrialists, Bertha Krupp, and took over operation of the family firm. At the time of their wedding, the Krupp name was added to his own.

      Bertha's father, Friedrich Krupp, committed suicide in scandal in 1902, having been exposed in the newspapers as a homosexual. Because it was deemed unthinkable for the Krupp armament empire to be run by a woman, the emperor William II personally sought an acceptable husband for the young Bertha (1886–1957), eventually choosing Gustav von Bohlen und Halbach, a Prussian diplomat. They were married on Oct. 15, 1906, and Gustav was authorized by the emperor to add the name Krupp to his own.

      In World War I, Gustav Krupp made many contributions to Germany's arsenal. One was the 98-ton howitzer that shelled Liège and Verdun. Others included the great cannon that bombarded Paris from a range of about 75 miles (120 km) and Germany's submarines, which were built at the family's Kiel shipyards. Because Germany was defeated, the war was, on the whole, bad business for Krupp but not a total loss. Before the war, in 1902, Vickers, Ltd., a British manufacturer of artillery shells, had leased a Krupp fuse patent. After the war, Vickers paid off in a settlement based on German artillery casualties, which placed Krupp in the awkward position of having profited from Germany's war dead.

      With this money, and with subsidies from the government of the Weimar Republic, Gustav began the secret rearming of Germany within a year of the Armistice. In his words, he was determined that Krupp should be ready “again to work for the German armed forces at the appointed hour without loss of time or experience.” Submarine pens were furtively built in Holland; new cannon were covertly perfected in Sweden. Krupp helped finance the Nazi (Nazi Party) “terror election” of 1933, tightening Adolf Hitler's grip on the reins of government, and, as president of the Reichsverband der Deutschen Industrie—Germany's equivalent of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce—expelled all Jewish industrialists and became one of the country's most ardent Nazis.

      Growing senile, Gustav was succeeded by his son Alfried in 1943. After the war the Allies proposed to indict Gustav as a war criminal for his part in Germany's armament, but in view of his ill health he was never brought to trial.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Krupp von Böhlen und Halbach, Gustav — (1870 1950)    industrialist; secretly engaged in preparing Germany for rearmament before 1933. He was born in The Hague to a major industrialist (von Bohlen und Halbach). His studies in law and political science he took a doctorate in 1893 were… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Gustav Krupp Von Bohlen Und Halbach — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Krupp. Gustav Krupp vo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gustav krupp von bohlen und halbach — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Krupp. Gustav Krupp vo …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach — (1931) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach — Infobox Person name = Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach caption = Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach (right) with Adolf Hitler birth date = August 7, 1870cite web |date=2008 |url = http://www.trial ch.org/en/trial watch/profile/db/facts/gustav …   Wikipedia

  • Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, Alfried — ▪ German industrialist original name  (until 1943) Alfried Von Bohlen Und Halbach   born Aug. 13, 1907, Essen, Ger. died July 30, 1967, Essen, W.Ger.       German industrialist, last member of the Krupp dynasty of munitions manufacturers.… …   Universalium

  • Bertha Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach — Bertha Krupp auf einer Fotografie von Nicola Perscheid, vor 1930 Bertha Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach (geb. Krupp; * 29. März 1886 in Essen; † 21. September 1957 ebenda) war ein wichtiges Mitglied der Industriellenfamilie Krupp …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bohlen et Krupp. Alfried Felix Alwyn Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach (13 août 1907 à Essen, Allemagne 30 juillet 1967 à Essen), dit également Alfried Krupp[1], était un industriel allemand,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach — Alfried Krupp (rechts) und der Präsident von Togo, Sylvanus Olympio, in der Villa Hügel Alfried Felix Alwyn Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach (* 13. August 1907 in Essen; † 30. Juli 1967 …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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