Khrapovitsky, Antony

Khrapovitsky, Antony

▪ Russian archbishop
original name  Aleksey Pavlovich Khrapovitsky  
born March 17, 1863, Novgorod, Russia
died Aug. 10, 1936, Sremski Karlovci, Yugos.

      Russian Orthodox metropolitan of Kiev, antipapal polemicist, and controversialist in theological and political affairs who attempted an exclusively ethical interpretation of Christian doctrine.

      After graduating from St. Petersburg Theological Academy, Antony entered a neighbouring monastery and in 1885 was ordained an Orthodox priest. Consecrated bishop in 1897, Antony was given the jurisdiction of Volhynia, in Ukraine, in 1902, where he suppressed remnants of the Ukrainian Uniate church (Eastern Catholic) and quelled national aspirations within the Ukrainian Orthodox church. In 1912 he was selected a member of the Holy Synod, the ruling council of the Russian Orthodox church, served as archbishop of Kharkov (now Kharkiv) from 1914 to 1917, and became metropolitan of Kiev in 1918.

      With the outbreak of the Russian Revolution, Antony participated in the 1917–18 Pan-Russian Orthodox Council and was named one of the three candidates for the Russian patriarchate. After Ukraine declared its independence from the tsarist regime, Antony was exiled to Buchach, southwest Ukraine, because of his efforts to prevent Ukrainian autonomy. The Bolshevik occupation of Ukraine forced him to flee to Sremski Karlovci, Yugos., where in 1920 he assumed the leadership of the Russian Orthodox church in exile.

      With a reputation for polemics, Antony vigorously protested papal claims to supremacy over the universal church. According to some of his coreligionists who charged him with heresy, he was influenced by the anti-intellectual moralism of the Russian novelist Fyodor Dostoyevsky (Dostoyevsky, Fyodor). He compiled a Dictionary of the Works of Dostoyevsky in 1921 to better integrate Dostoyevsky's ideas with his own.

      In his principal ascetical-moral writings, Concerning the Dogma of Redemption (the English version appearing in The Constructive Quarterly, 1919) and “Essay on the Orthodox Christian Catechism” (1924), he relegated Christ's work to the level of ethical symbolism that would inspire Christian dedication to a moral life.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anthony (Khrapovitsky) — Bishop Antony of …   Wikipedia

  • Imiaslavie — Schema monk Illarion. Imiaslavie (Russian: Имяславие) or Imiabozhie (Имябожие), also spelled imyaslavie and imyabozhie, and also referred to as onomatodoxy, is a dogmatic movement which was condemned by the Russian Orthodox Church, but that is… …   Wikipedia

  • Polemic — For other uses, see Polemic (disambiguation). A polemic (  /pəˈl …   Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan Vladimir of Kiev — Vladimir, Metropolitan of Moscow. Vladimir (Russian: Владимир); baptismal name: Vasily Nikiforovich Bogoyavlensky (Russian: Василий Никифорович Богоявленский; 1 January 1848 7 February [O.S. January 25] 1918) was Metropolitan of Kiev and Gallich… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Patriarchs and Metropolitans of Ukraine — This is a List of Metropolitans and Patriarchs of Ukraine related to the History of Christianity in Ukraine, ordered according to the jurisdictions. Contents 1 Ecumenical Patriarchate 1.1 Metropolitans of Kiev and all Rus (988–1458) 1.1.1 First… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.