Kensett, John Frederick


Kensett, John Frederick

▪ American painter
born March 22, 1816, Cheshire, Connecticut, U.S.
died December 14, 1872, New York, New York

      American landscape painter, the leader of the second generation of the Hudson River school artists.

      Kensett was trained as an engraver by his father, Thomas Kensett, and his uncle, Alfred Daggett, a banknote engraver. In 1838 Kensett went to New York City to work for a banknote company. Two years later, together with Asher B. Durand (Durand, Asher B), John W. Casilear, and Thomas P. Rossiter, he went to Europe, where, in the tradition of artists of his generation, he received his artistic education by traveling, looking at pictures, and visiting leading artists in their studios. By the time Kensett returned to the United States in 1847, he had established a reputation based on paintings he had sent from Europe. In 1849 he was elected to the National Academy of Design, and he was a founder of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.

 Although Kensett never lost the engraver's sense of draftsmanship in his paintings, he focused most of his attention on the depiction of light, using colour values to render minute gradations in intensity (e.g., Storm over Lake George, 1870). His palette was low-key, and much of his work has a silvery paleness. Whether painting the White or Green mountains, the Catskills, or a lonely strip of Atlantic shoreline at Newport, Rhode Island, he conveyed a strong sense of locale through his careful observation of detail and his deep sensitivity to the nuances of atmosphere. The style Kensett developed has been labeled luminism by art historians, in acknowledgment of his refined handling of light and in an attempt to link his work to the philosophical doctrines of Ralph Waldo Emerson (Emerson, Ralph Waldo), with whom Kensett associated from the 1870s until his death, and other Transcendentalists (Transcendentalism). He was a formidable force in the New York art world until his death, and his reputation was further reinforced by the patronage he received from America's most influential collectors.

Additional Reading
John Paul Driscoll and John K. Howart, John Frederick Kensett: An American Master (1985).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Frederick Kensett — Kensett in seinem Studio, ca. 1866 John Frederick Kensett (* 22. März 1816 in Cheshire, Connecticut; † 14. Dezember 1872 in New York City) war ein amerikanischer Maler des 19. Jahrhunderts. Er wurde vor allem für seine Landschaftsmalerei im Stil… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Frederick Kensett — (1816 1872); Monte Washington, valle de Conway; colección del Wellesley College, Wellesley, Massachusetts. John Frederick Kensett (22 de marzo de 1816 en Cheshire, Connecticut 14 de diciembre de 1872 en Nueva York) fue un pintor estadounidense,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Frederick Kensett — Infobox Artist bgcolour = #6495ED name = John Frederick Kensett imagesize = 200px caption = John Frederick Kensett, signed and dated Feb. 29, 1864 birthname = birthdate = birth date |1816|3|22| location = Cheshire, Connecticut deathdate = death… …   Wikipedia

  • John Frederick Kensett — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kensett. Portait de Nom de naissance John Frederick Kensett Naissance 1816 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kensett — ist der Name von John Frederick Kensett, amerikanischer Maler (1816 1872) sowie mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Kensett (Arkansas) Kensett (Iowa) Kensett Township (Worth County, Iowa) Diese Seite ist eine B …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kensett — may refer to:*John Frederick Kensett *Kensett, Arkansas, United States *Kensett, Iowa, United States …   Wikipedia

  • Kensett —   [ kenzɪt], John Frederick, amerikanischer Maler, * Cheshire (Conneticut) 22. 3. 1818, ✝ New York 16. 12. 1872; Vertreter der Hudson River School, ausgebildet als Stahlstecher. Kensett ließ sich 1846 nach Studien in Europa in New York nieder, wo …   Universal-Lexikon

  • John William Casilear — (June 25, 1811 – August 17, 1893), was an American landscape artist belonging to the Hudson River School. Casilear was born in New York City. His first professional training was under prominent New York engraver Peter Maverick in the 1820s, then… …   Wikipedia

  • Hudson River School — L Hudson River School (école de l Hudson) est un mouvement artistique né aux États Unis du XIXe siècle, fondé par un groupe de peintres du paysage influencés par le romantisme. Sommaire 1 Première génération 2 Seconde génération (1848 1870) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • luminism — luminist, n., adj. /looh meuh niz euhm/, n. a style of landscape painting practiced by some mid 19th century American artists, esp. of the Hudson River School, that emphasized meticulously crafted realism and a technically precise rendering of… …   Universalium