Kendall, Edward Calvin


Kendall, Edward Calvin

▪ American chemist
born March 8, 1886, South Norwalk, Conn., U.S.
died May 4, 1972, Princeton, N.J.
 American chemist who, with Philip S. Hench (Hench, Philip Showalter) and Tadeus Reichstein (Reichstein, Tadeus), won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1950 for research on the structure and biological effects of adrenal cortex hormones.

      A graduate of Columbia University (Ph.D. 1910), Kendall joined the staff of the Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minn., in 1914. His early research concerned the isolation of the active constituent (thyroxine) of the thyroid hormone. He also crystallized and established the chemical nature of glutathione, a compound important to biological oxidation-reduction reactions.

      Kendall's most important research, however was the isolation from the adrenal cortex of the steroid hormone cortisone (which he originally called compound E; 1935). With Hench, he successfully applied the hormone in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (1948). Kendall and Hench, along with Reichstein of Switzerland, received a Nobel Prize in 1950, and Kendall retired from his position as head of the biochemistry division of the Mayo Foundation in 1951. Kendall also acted as head of the biochemistry laboratory there from 1945 to 1951, and he was later visiting professor of chemistry at Princeton University.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kendall,Edward Calvin — Kendall, Edward Calvin. 1886 1972. American biochemist. He shared a 1950 Nobel Prize for discoveries concerning the hormones of the adrenal cortex. * * * …   Universalium

  • Kendall , Edward Calvin — (1886–1972) American biochemist Kendall, a dentist s son from South Norwalk, Connecticut, studied chemistry at Columbia University where he obtained his PhD in 1910. After working briefly at St. Luke s Hospital in New York from 1911 to 1914,… …   Scientists

  • Kendall, Edward Calvin — ► (1886 1972) Químico estadounidense. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1950, compartido con P. S. Hench y T. Reichstein, por aislar la tiroxina y descubrir la cortisona y varias hormonas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Edward Calvin Kendall — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kendall. Edward Calvin Kendall (8 mars 1886 4 mai 1972) est un chimiste américain qui a partagé avec Tadeusz Reichstein et Philip Showalter Hench le prix Nobel de physiologie ou médecine de 1950[1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edward Calvin Kendall — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Edward Calvin Kendall (8 de marzo de 1886 – 4 de mayo de 1972) fue un químico bioquímico americano. Trabajó, como investigador, en distintos hospitales y universidades. Aisló la homona de la glándula tiroides, a la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Edward Calvin Kendall — (* 8. März 1886 in South Norwalk, Connecticut, USA; † 4. Mai 1972 in Princeton, New Jersey, USA) war ein US amerikanischer Biochemiker. Kendall gelang die Isolation des Nebennierenhormons Cortison und des Schilddrüsenhormons Thyroxin. Für ihre… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edward Calvin Kendall — Princeton, NJ, USA alma mater = Columbia University fields = Biochemistry workplaces = Parke Davis St. Luke s Hospital Mayo Clinic Princeton University known for = isolation of thyroxine discovery of cortisone awards = Lasker Award (1949) Passano …   Wikipedia

  • Edward Calvin Kendall — noun United States biochemist who discovered cortisone (1886 1972) • Syn: ↑Kendall, ↑Edward Kendall • Instance Hypernyms: ↑biochemist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Medizinnobelpreis 1950: Philip Showalter Hench — Edward Calvin Kendall — Tadeus Reichstein —   Die drei Biochemiker aus den USA und der Schweiz erhielten den Nobelpreis für ihre Entdeckungen des Aufbaus und der physiologischen Wirkungen der Hormone der Nebennierenrinde.    Biografien   Philip Showalter Hench, * Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania)… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kendall — Edward Calvin …   Scientists


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