Kashmir, Vale of


Kashmir, Vale of

 intermontane valley, western Jammu and Kashmir state, northern India. Lying wholly within the Indian-administered portion of the Kashmir region, it is flanked by the main range of the Himalayas on the northeast and the Pir Panjal Range (Pīr Panjāl Range) on the southwest.

      The Vale of Kashmir is an ancient lake basin about 85 miles (135 km) long, 20 miles (32 km) wide, and 5,300 feet (1,620 metres) high that is drained by the upper Jhelum River. Lined by mountains that rise 12,000 to 16,000 feet (3,600 to 4,800 metres), the vale is sheltered from the wet southwest monsoon. The population of the Kashmir region is concentrated in the valley, at the centre of which lies Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir. The fertile alluvial soil yields rice, corn (maize), fruit, and vegetables, and the scenic mountains and lakes (notably Wular (Wular Lake), Dal, and Nagin) attract many tourists. The valley was the resort of Mughal (Mughal Dynasty) emperors, notably Jahāngīr, who reigned in the early 17th century and constructed picturesque gardens and buildings in the vale for his empress, Nūr Jahān.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Kashmir — /kash mear, kazh , kash mear , kazh /, n. 1. Also, Cashmere. a former princely state in SW Asia, adjacent to India, Pakistan, Sinkiang, and Tibet: sovereignty in dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947. 2. Official name, Jammu and Kashmir.… …   Universalium

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  • Jammu and Kashmir — /jum ooh/ official name of Kashmir (def. 2). * * * State (pop., 2001: 10,143,700), northern India. With an area of 39,146 sq mi (101,387 sq km), it occupies the southern portion of the Kashmir region of the northwestern Indian subcontinent and is …   Universalium

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