Kashmir Śaivism


Kashmir Śaivism

also called  Pratyabhijñā 

      (Sanskrit: Recognition), an important religio-philosophical system of India that worships Lord Śiva (Shiva) as the supreme reality. The school is idealistic and monistic, as contrasted with the realistic and dualistic school of Śaiva-siddhānta (Shaiva-siddhanta) (q.v.).

      The principal texts of the school are the Śiva-sūtra, said to have been revealed to Vasugupta; Vasugupta's Spanda-kārikā (“Verses on Activity”; 8th–9th century); Utpala's Pratyabhijñā-śāstra (c. 900; “Manual on Recognition”); Abhinavagupta's Paramārthasāra (“The Essence of the Highest Truth”), Pratyabhijñāvimarśini (“Reflections on Recognition”), and Tantrāloka (“Lights on the Doctrine”), 10th century; and Kṣemarāja's Śiva-sūtra-vimarśini (“Reflections on the Aphorisms on Śiva”).

      Śiva is seen as the sole reality and both the material and efficent causes of the universe. His power is known in five aspects: cit (“consciousness”), ānanda (“bliss”), ichā (“desire”), jñāna (“knowledge”), and kriyā (“action”). For the adherents of Kashmir Śaivism, liberation comes about through intense meditation on the Lord and recognition of the identical nature of the individual soul and the Lord. (Compare Śaivism (Shaivism).)

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Universalium. 2010.

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