Karachay-Cherkessia


Karachay-Cherkessia

also called  Karachayevo-Cherkessiya 

      republic, Stavropol kray (territory), southwestern Russia. It extends south from the foreland plains across the northern ranges and deep intervening valleys and gorges of the Greater Caucasus range as far as the crestline, which reaches 13,274 feet (4,046 m) in Mount Dombay-Ulgen. Cherkessk is the administrative centre. The republic's scenery is spectacular, with densely forested mountains rising through alpine meadows to rock and ice. Tourism is important.

      The Karachay-Cherkess oblast was first formed in 1922 for the Circassian (Russian: Cherkess; see Circassian) and Turkic Karachay peoples. The oblast was dissolved in 1926, becoming Karachay autonomous oblast and Cherkess autonomous oblast. Karachay autonomous oblast was dissolved during World War II, when the Karachays were exiled to Central Asia for their alleged collaboration with the Germans. In 1957 they were returned to form the Karachay-Cherkess autonomous oblast. During their exile, part of the territory was incorporated into the Georgian S.S.R. (now Georgia). In 1991 it became a republic. Today the Karachay and Cherkess peoples constitute only a little more than one-third of the population, while most of the rest are Russians. The majority of the republic's population lives on the northern plains, which are in intensive agricultural use. Large numbers of sheep and cattle are kept. Most industry is concerned with processing farm produce, but nonferrous ores and some coal are mined. Area 5,450 square miles (14,100 square km). Pop. (2006 est.) 431,488.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Karachay-Cherkessia — noun A republic of Russia in the Caucasus region, with capital Cherkessk. See Also: Karachay, Cherkess …   Wiktionary

  • Karachay-Cherkessia — or formerly Karachayevo Cherkess geographical name autonomous region SE Russia in Europe in N Caucasus area 5444 square miles (14,100 square kilometers), population 431,000 capital Cherkessk …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • National Anthem of Karachay-Cherkessia — Гимн Карачаево Черкесии English: Anthem of Karachaevo Cherkessia Regional anthem of Karachay Cherkessia Lyrics Yu. Sozarukov Music A. Daurov Adopted 1998 The Na …   Wikipedia

  • Administrative divisions of Karachay-Cherkessia — *Cities and towns under republic s jurisdiction **Cherkessk (Черкесск) (capital) **Karachayevsk (Карачаевск) *** Towns under the town s jurisdiction: ****Teberda (Теберда) *** Urban type settlements under the town s jurisdiction: ****Dombay… …   Wikipedia

  • Karachay-Cherkess Autonomous Oblast — Karachay Cherkessia Autonomous Oblast (Russian: Карачаево Черкесская автономная область) is an Autonomous oblasts of the Soviet Union that was created on 1922 01 12. v …   Wikipedia

  • Karachay-Balkar language — Infobox Language name=Karachay Balkar nativename=Къарачай Малкъар/Qarachay Malqar familycolor=Altaic states=Russia region=Kabardino Balkaria, Karachay Cherkessia speakers=400,000 fam1=Altaic [ [http://www.ethnologue.com/show… …   Wikipedia

  • Nogaysky District, Karachay-Cherkess Republic — For other uses, see Nogaysky District. Nogaysky District (English) Ногайский район (Russian) …   Wikipedia

  • Dombay, Karachay-Cherkess Republic — For other places with the same name, see Dombay. Coordinates: 43°17′24″N 41°37′26″E / 43.29°N 41.62389°E / …   Wikipedia

  • Karachai-Cherkessia — /kərʌˈtʃaɪ tʃɛəˈkɛsiə/ (say kuhru chuy chair keseeuh) noun a federal republic in southern Russia, north of the Caucasus Mountains; formerly the Karachai Cherkess Autonomous Region, in Russia within the Soviet Union. 14 100 km2. Capital: Cherkessk …   Australian English dictionary


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