Kaganovich, Lazar Moiseyevich


Kaganovich, Lazar Moiseyevich

▪ Soviet official
born Nov. 10 [Nov. 22, New Style], 1893, Kabany, near Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire
died July 25, 1991, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.

      Soviet Communist Party leader and supporter of Joseph Stalin (Stalin, Joseph).

      As a young Jewish shoemaker, Kaganovich became involved in the Bolshevik wing of the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party (in 1911) and in 1920 was made head of the Soviet government of Tashkent. His success in consolidating Soviet rule in Turkestan (Turkistan) brought him to the attention of Stalin, who put him in charge of supervising the activities of local party organizations and, in 1924, of party patronage. Because his work in the latter capacity helped Stalin to defeat his political rivals and because he was a capable organizer and administrator, Kaganovich rose quickly in the party administration and by 1930 was a full member of the Politburo. He was one of the small group of Stalin's top advisers pushing for very high rates of collectivization after 1929. As head of the Moscow regional party organization (1930–35), he brought it firmly under Stalin's control. During this period he was also instrumental in the construction of the Moscow subway and the distribution of heavy farm equipment to shore up the failing collective system.

      Within the Politburo, Kaganovich and V.M. Molotov led the opposition to Sergey M. Kirov's (Kirov, Sergey Mironovich) proposed concessions to the peasantry and to his attempts to relax the harshness of Stalin's control. They formed the core of Stalin's “post-Purge” Politburo. From this time through the end of Stalin's administration, Kaganovich was largely responsible for the heavy industry in the Soviet Union. He was appointed people's commissar (i.e., minister) of transport (1935), heavy industry (1937), fuel industry (1939), and petroleum industry (1939). He became a deputy premier in 1938 and a member of Stalin's State Defense Committee in World War II. Kaganovich and the writer Ilya Ehrenburg were conspicuously spared in Stalin's postwar campaign of persecution against the Jews.

      Under Nikita Khrushchev (Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeyevich), Kaganovich was given largely administrative posts supervising industrial affairs. He opposed Khrushchev's de-Stalinization and joined the unsuccessful attempt to depose him (June 1957), as a result of which he lost all his government and party offices and was reportedly given a minor administrative post. In 1964 the Soviet government announced that Kaganovich had earlier been expelled from the party.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • KAGANOVICH, LAZAR MOISEYEVICH — (1893–1991), Soviet politician. Born in Kiev province, Kaganovich joined the Communist Party in 1911 and became a member of the Kiev committee of the party in 1914. In 1915 he was arrested and   restricted to residence in Kabana, his native… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Kaganovich, Lazar Moiseyevich — (b. 1893)    Soviet politician. Kaganovich, born in Kiev, came from a working class family. He joined the Bolsheviks in 1911 and was active in the revolutionary underground. From 1914 he was a member of the Communist Party’s Kiev committee and… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Kaganovich, Lazar (Moiseyevich) — born Nov. 22, 1893, Kabany, near Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire died July 25, 1991, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. Soviet political leader. He joined the Bolsheviks in 1911 and became head of the Soviet government of Tashkent in 1920. As head of the… …   Universalium

  • Kaganovich, Lazar Moiseyevich — (1893 1991)    Soviet politician. Born in Kiev, he joined the Bolsheviks in 1911. From 1914 he was a member of the communist party s Kiev committee. He played an active role in the period leading up to the October Revolution of 1917. In 1930 he… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • lazar — lazarlike, adj. /laz euhr, lay zeuhr/, n. a person infected with a disease, esp. leprosy. [1300 50; ME < ML lazarus leper, special use of LL Lazarus LAZARUS] * * * (as used in expressions) Kaganovich Lazar Moiseyevich Lazar Markovich Lisitskii… …   Universalium

  • Lázar Kaganóvich — Lázar Moiséyevich Kaganóvich Лазарь Моисеевич Каганович Primer Secretario del Partido Comunista de la RSS d …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lazar Kaganovich — Infobox Officeholder name = Lazar Kaganovich Лазарь Моисеевич Каганович nationality = Jewish Ukrainian order = Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party term start = 1928 term end = 1939 predecessor = successor = order2 = Member… …   Wikipedia

  • Ukraine — /yooh krayn , kruyn , yooh krayn/, n. a republic in SE Europe: rich agricultural and industrial region. 50,684,635; 223,090 sq. mi. (603,700 sq. km). Cap.: Kiev. Russian, Ukraina. Formerly, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. * * * Ukraine… …   Universalium

  • Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeyevich — ▪ premier of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Introduction born April 17 [April 5, Old Style], 1894, Kalinovka, Russia died September 11, 1971, Moscow, Russia, Soviet Union  first secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953–64)… …   Universalium

  • Καγκάνοβιτς, Λάζαρ Μοϊσέγεβιτς — (Lazar Moiseyevich Kaganovich, 1893 – 1991).Ουκρανός πολιτικός. Έγινε μέλος του Κομουνιστικού Κόμματος το 1911, οργάνωσε την άμυνα της Ουκρανίας κατά των Λευκορώσων του Ντενίκιν (1910 20) και πρωτοστάτησε στην ίδρυση του Κομουνιστικού Κόμματος… …   Dictionary of Greek


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.