Junkers, Hugo


Junkers, Hugo

▪ German aircraft designer
born Feb. 3, 1859, Rheydt, Prussia [Germany]
died Feb. 3, 1935, Gauting, near Munich, Ger.

      German aircraft designer and early proponent of the monoplane and all-metal construction of aircraft.

      Junkers patented a flying-wing design in 1910, the same year in which he established an aircraft factory at Dessau. His J-1 Blechesel (“Sheet Metal Donkey”) monoplane was the first successful all-metal airplane (1915), and his F-13 was the first all-metal transport (1919). Many Junkers aircraft had a corrugated sheet-metal skin, which was copied by several American builders, including the Ford Motor Company. The Junkers works also built “Jumo” aircraft engines, designed one of the first turbojet engines during World War II, and played an important part in German airpower during the war, supplying the Luftwaffe with the Ju 52, a trimotor monoplane used as a troop transport and glider tug; the Ju 87 dive bomber (Sturzkampfflugzeug, shortened to “Stuka”); and the Ju 88, a twin-engine all-purpose bomber.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Junkers, Hugo — ► (1859 1935) Ingeniero alemán. Constructor de aviones. Inventó el motor Junkers de aceite pesado para aviones. En 1910 construyó los J 1, primeros monoplanos totalmente metálicos (1915), y los F 13 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Junkers,Hugo — Jun·kers (yo͝ongʹkərz, kərs), Hugo. 1859 1935. German aircraft engineer who designed the first successful all metal airplane (1915) and helped establish early mail and passenger airlines. * * * …   Universalium

  • Junkers — Junkers, Hugo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Junkers & Co. — Junkers Logo Die Firma Junkers Co. Warmwasser Apparatefabrik wurde 1895 von Hugo Junkers in Dessau gegründet. Junkers Gasgeräte wie Badeöfen, Heizgeräte und andere Erfindungen des Gründers wurden in der Firma produziert. Die Marke Junkers gehört… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Junkers (Gasgeräte) — Junkers Logo Die Firma Junkers Co. Warmwasser Apparatefabrik wurde 1895 von Hugo Junkers in Dessau gegründet. Junkers Gasgeräte wie Badeöfen, Heizgeräte und andere Erfindungen des Gründers wurden in der Firma produziert. Die Marke Junkers gehört… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Junkers — Co was a major German aircraft manufacturer. It produced some of the world s most innovative and well known airplanes over the course of its fifty plus year history in Dessau, Germany. It was founded there in 1895 by Hugo Junkers, initially… …   Wikipedia

  • Junkers F.13 — Junkers F 13 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Junkers F13 — Junkers F 13 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Junkers J 13 — Junkers F 13 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Junkers J4 — Junkers J.I Typ …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.