Johnston, Albert Sidney


Johnston, Albert Sidney

▪ Confederate general
born Feb. 2, 1803, Washington, Ky., U.S.
died April 6, 1862, Shiloh, Tenn.
 Confederate general during the American Civil War (1861–65); his death in the second year of the war was considered an irreparable loss by the South.

      An 1826 graduate of the U.S. Military Academy, West Point, N.Y., Johnston fought in the Black Hawk War (1832) and the Mexican War (1846–48) and was in the bloodless expedition against the Mormons in Utah (1857). When his adopted state of Texas seceded from the Union in 1861, he resigned his commission as commander of the U.S. Pacific Department and was appointed second-ranking general in the Confederate Army by President Jefferson Davis, whom he had known at West Point. Assuming command of the Western Department in September, Johnston succeeded in raising and organizing an army to guard a long and vulnerable line from the Mississippi River to the Allegheny Mountains. His forces were no match, however, for the superior numbers of the North, which forced the Confederates to retreat from Forts Henry and Donelson, in Tennessee, and from Bowling Green, Ky., and led to the fall of Nashville, Tenn., in February 1862. Nevertheless, bitter criticism of Johnston did not affect Davis' confidence in him.

      Concentrating his army at Corinth, Miss., Johnston determined to attack General Ulysses S. Grant at Pittsburg Landing. His surprise assault upon the Union forces at the Battle of Shiloh (April 6 and 7) was almost successful, but he was mortally wounded in the first afternoon's fighting.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Johnston,Albert Sidney — John·ston (jŏnʹstən), Albert Sidney. 1803 1862. American Confederate general in the Civil War. He was defeated by Ulysses S. Grant at Shiloh (1862). * * * …   Universalium

  • Albert Sidney Johnston — Albert S. Johnston Albert Sidney Johnston (* 2. Februar 1803 in Washington, Kentucky; † 6. April …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Albert Sidney Johnston — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Johnston. Albert Sidney Johnston Albert Sidney Johnston (2 février 1803 – 6  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Albert Sidney Camp — (July 26, 1892 July 24, 1954) was an American politician, educator and lawyer.Camp was born in Moreland, Georgia. The Camp family was a colonial family with ancestors arriving in the American colonies during the seventeenth century. Albert Sidney …   Wikipedia

  • Albert S. Johnston — Albert Sidney Johnston (* 2. Februar 1803 in Washington, Mason County, Kentucky; † 6. April 1862 bei der Schlacht von Shiloh) war Offizier des US Heeres, General im texanischen Heer und im konföderiert …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johnston [2] — Johnston (spr. dschonnst n), 1) James, Chemiker, geb. 1796 in Paisley, Schüler von Berzelius, war seit 1833 Professor in Durham, wo er 18. Sept. 1855 starb. Er schrieb: »Lectures on agricultural chemistry and geology« (1842, 2 Bde.; 17. Aufl. von …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Johnston — [jänz′tən] 1. Albert Sidney 1803 62; Confederate general 2. Joseph Eggleston 1807 91; Confederate general …   English World dictionary

  • Johnston (surname) — Family name name = Johnston imagesize= caption= pronunciation = John ston meaning = John s town John s son region = Scotland origin = Scotland related names = footnotes = Johnston is a surname which in most cases is a habitational surname derived …   Wikipedia

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