Jenney, William Le Baron


Jenney, William Le Baron

▪ American engineer and architect
born Sept. 25, 1832, Fairhaven, Mass., U.S.
died June 15, 1907, Los Angeles, Calif.
 American civil engineer and architect whose technical innovations were of primary importance in the development of the skyscraper.

      Jenney designed the Home Insurance Company Building, Chicago (1884–85; enlarged 1891; demolished 1931), generally considered to be the world's first tall building supported by an internal frame, or skeleton, of iron and steel rather than by load-bearing walls and the first to incorporate steel as a structural material. The Home Insurance Company Building also set the pace for the Chicago School, many of whose chief exponents—including Louis Sullivan, Daniel Burnham, John Root, and William Holabird—served at one time in Jenney's office.

      After studying architecture in Paris (1859–61), Jenney served in the American Civil War (1861–65) as an engineering officer. Having left the Federal army with the rank of major, he practiced engineering and architecture in Chicago (1868–1905) and taught architecture at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (1876–80).

      In Jenney's design for the Leiter Building, Chicago (1879; enlarged 1888; later demolished), he made a tentative approach to skeleton construction, and the facade was prophetic of the glass curtain wall that became common in the 20th century. Among his other buildings in Chicago are the Manhattan Building (1889–90), said to be the first 16-story structure in the world and the first in which wind bracing was a principal aspect of the design; the Ludington Building (1891); the Fair Store (1891–92; later remodelled as the Loop store of Montgomery Ward); and the second Leiter Building (1889–90), which became Sears, Roebuck and Co.'s Loop store.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • JENNEY, William Le Baron — (1832 1907)    See SKYSCRAPER …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • JENNEY (W. LE BARON) — JENNEY WILLIAM LE BARON (1832 1907) Formé à Paris, à l’École centrale des arts et manufactures, William Le Baron Jenney a été ingénieur avant d’être architecte. En 1868, il s’établit à Chicago et fait un cours d’architecture auquel assistent… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • William Le Baron Jenney — Vista del Home Insurance Building, Chicago. William Le Baron Jenney (1832 1907). Fue un arquitecto e ingeniero estadounidense, antiguo alumno de la École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures (École centrale Paris, en París de los años 1853 a 1856.… …   Wikipedia Español

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  • William Le Baron Jenney — Das Home Insurance Building von 1885 in Chicago …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Le Baron Jenney — External links* [http://www.lib.colum.edu/archhistory/lejenney.htm Architect William LeBaron Jenney (1832 1907)] * …   Wikipedia

  • Jenney — (William Le Baron) (1832 1907) architecte américain de l école de Chicago …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • William LeBaron Jenney — William Le Baron Jenney Le Home Insurance Building William Le Baron Jenney (né le 25 septembre 1832 à Fairhaven, Massachusetts mort le 14 juin 1907 à Los Angeles, Californie) est un architecte et ingénieur américain, ancien… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jenney — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Lucinda Jenney (* 1954), US amerikanische Schauspielerin Neil Jenney (* 1945), US amerikanischer Maler William Le Baron Jenney (1832–1907), US amerikanischer Architekt Kategorie: Familienname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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