formerly German  Mitau  or  Russian  Mitava  

      city, Latvia, on the Lielupe River southwest of Riga. In 1226 the Brothers of the Sword (Brothers of the Sword, Order of the), a religious and military order, built the castle of Mitau there; town status was conferred on the settlement in 1376. In 1561, when the Brothers of the Sword were dissolved, it became the capital of the dukes of Courland, and in 1795 it passed to Russia in the Third Partition of Poland. The city suffered severe damage from fighting in both 1919 and 1944. Today Jelgava is a railway junction and industrial city, manufacturing agricultural and other machinery, locks, and linen and processing sugar, vegetables, and other foodstuffs. Pop. (2000) 63,652.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Jelgava —   City   Jelgava Aerial View …   Wikipedia

  • Jelgava — (dt.: Mitau) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jelgava — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • JELGAVA — (Ger. Mitau; Rus. (until 1917) Mitava), city in Zemgale district (Courland), Latvia; formerly capital of courland . Jews lived in Jelgava from the late 17th century, but their residence was endangered with expulsion orders (that were… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jelgava — (Latvian), Mintauja (Lithuanian), Mitau (German), Mitava Митава / Yelgava Елгава (Russian), Mitawa (Polish) …   Names of cities in different languages

  • Jelgava — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mitau (homonymie). Jelgava …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jelgava — Jẹlgava,   russisch Jẹlgawa, Elgava [ jɛ ], früher deutsch Mitau, Stadt in Lettland, an der Kurländischen Aa, 72 300 Einwohner; Landwirtschaftshochschule; Kleinbus , Landmaschinenwerk, Maschinenbau, Zuckerfabrik, Konservenindustrie;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Jelgava — Original name in latin Jelgava Name in other language Elgava, Iyelgava, Jelgava, Jelgawa, Mitau, Mitava, Mitawa, Yelgava, Елгава, Елґава State code LV Continent/City Europe/Riga longitude 56.65 latitude 23.71278 altitude 5 Population 61791 Date… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Jelgava — Sp Jelgava Ap Jelgava Sp Mintaujà Ap Mītava senoviškai L Latvija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Jelgava — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Jelgava Country and Admin Code LV.11 LV …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

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