- Jayewardene, J.R.
▪ president of Sri Lankain full Junius Richard Jayewardene, Jayewardene also spelled Jayawardeneborn Sept. 17, 1906, Colombo, Ceylon [now Sri Lanka]died Nov. 1, 1996, Colombo, Sri Lankalawyer and public official who served as president of Sri Lanka from 1978 to 1989.The son of a Supreme Court judge, Jayewardene graduated from Ceylon Law College in Colombo in 1932 and practiced as a barrister until 1943. He joined the Ceylon National Congress party and in 1943 won election to the State Council. In 1948, when Ceylon won independence from British rule, Jayewardene became minister of finance in the postindependence government formed by the moderate United National Party (UNP). He became the party's second-ranking leader under D.S. Senanayake and then under his son, Dudley Senanayake, and held such high posts as minister of finance (1948–53, 1960), minister of food and agriculture (1953–56), and minister of state (1965–70). Upon the death of the younger Senanayake in 1973, Jayewardene became the leader of the UNP and in 1977 led his party to a sweeping victory at the polls.As prime minister, Jayewardene amended the constitution to give Sri Lanka an executive (rather than a ceremonial) presidency, and he took office as the first elected president in 1978. As president he reversed the country's drift into socialism by drastically cutting the government bureaucracy and revitalizing the private sector by such means as the establishment of a free-trade zone north of Colombo. He was reelected to a second six-year term as president in 1982.Jayewardene had meanwhile failed to pay sufficient attention to the long-simmering hostility between Sri Lanka's Sinhalese Buddhist majority and its Hindu Tamil minority. In the early 1980s several Tamil groups began a guerrilla insurgency in support of their demands for a separate Tamil state. Jayewardene opposed Tamil separatism and used both military force and negotiations in unsuccessful efforts to end the insurgency. He retired in 1989 after his second term as president.
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Jayewardene, J R — ▪ 1997 Sri Lankan lawyer and politician (b. Sept. 17, 1906, Colombo, Ceylon [now Sri Lanka] d. Nov. 1, 1996, Colombo), served as prime minister (1977 78) and president (1978 89) of Sri Lanka. He was praised for modernizing the country s… … Universalium
Jayewardene, J(unius) R(ichard) — born Sept. 7, 1906, Colombo, Ceylon died Nov. 1, 1996, Colombo, Sri Lanka Prime minister (1977–78) and president (1978–89) of Sri Lanka. The son of a Supreme Court judge, he became minister of finance in 1948, when Ceylon (from 1972, Sri Lanka)… … Universalium
Jayewardene, J(unius) R(ichard) — (7 sep. 1906, Colombo, Ceilán–1 nov. 1996, Colombo, Sri Lanka). Primer ministro (1977–78) y presidente (1978–89) de Sri Lanka. Hijo de un juez del Tribunal Supremo, se convirtió en ministro de Finanzas en 1948, cuando Ceilán (Sri Lanka desde… … Enciclopedia Universal
Junius Richard Jayewardene — Infobox President honorific prefix = His Excellency name= Junius Richard Jayewardene order=2nd President of Sri Lanka imagesize=135px term start=February 4 1978 term end=january 2, 1989 predecessor=William Gopallawa successor=Ranasinghe Premadasa … Wikipedia
Junius Richard Jayewardene — ජුනියස් රිචඩ් ජයවර්ධන Junius Richard Jayewardene; lors d une visite du président Ronald Reagan en 1984. Mandats … Wikipédia en Français
Jayawardene — Jayewardene may refer to:* Mahela Jayawardene (born 1977), captain of the Sri Lankan cricket team * Prasanna Jayawardene (born 1979), a Sri Lankan cricketer * Jayawardene Welathanthrige Hemantha Devapriya Boteju (born 1977), another Sri Lankan… … Wikipedia
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United National Party — Infobox Political Party party name = United National Party party leader = Ranil Wickremesinghe foundation = September 6, 1946 ideology = Centre Right headquarters = Sirikotha, Kotte international = International Democrat Union website =… … Wikipedia
Dudley Senanayake — The Honourable Dudley Senanayake 2nd Prime Minister of Ceylon In office March 26, 1952 – October 12, 1953 Monarch Queen Elizabeth II … Wikipedia
Claude Corea — Sir George Claude Stanley Corea KBE Minister of Home Affairs State Council of Ceylon (1933) Minister of Labour, Industry and Commerce State Council (1936 1946) First Ceylonese Representative to the Court of St.James, UK (1946) … Wikipedia