Jay-Z


Jay-Z

▪ American rapper and entrepreneur
original name  Shawn Corey Carter 
born Dec. 4, 1970, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.

      American rapper and entrepreneur, one of the most influential figures in hip-hop in the 1990s and 2000s.

      Shawn Carter grew up in Brooklyn's often dangerous Marcy Projects, where he was raised mainly by his mother. His firsthand experience with illicit drug dealing would inform his lyrics when he began rapping under the stage name Jazzy, soon shortened to Jay-Z (a name that may also have been derived from the proximity of the J and Z subway lines to the Marcy Projects). Jay-Z and two friends founded their own company, Roc-a-Fella Records, to release his debut album, Reasonable Doubt (1996), which climbed the Billboard charts, reaching number 23 on the pop chart and number 3 on the rhythm-and-blues chart.

      A string of successful albums followed at a rate of at least one per year through 2003. Vol. 2: Hard Knock Life (1998) not only was the first of Jay-Z's releases to top the Billboard 200 album sales chart but also won a Grammy Award for best rap album. In 2001 he pleaded guilty to assault relating to a 1999 nightclub stabbing and received three years' probation. In 2003, with the release of The Black Album, Jay-Z announced his retirement as a performer. In 2004 he assumed the presidency of Def Jam Recordings, making him one of the most highly placed African American executives in the recording industry at the time.

      Postretirement, Jay-Z stayed remarkably active, collaborating with the rock group Linkin Park in 2004 and appearing as a guest vocalist on the recordings of numerous other artists, including Kanye West (West, Kanye) and Beyoncé. He developed a large portfolio of business ventures and investments, including Roc-a-Fella Films, a clothing line, and a stake in the New Jersey Nets of the National Basketball Association. He formally returned to recording in 2006 with Kingdom Come. In December 2007 he stepped down as Def Jam president shortly after releasing the album American Gangster.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jay-Z — en Fort Lauderdale, Florida en 2008. Datos generales Nombre real Shawn Corey Carter Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jay-z — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jay. Jay Z Jay Z Alias …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jay Z — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jay. Jay Z Jay Z Alias …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jay-Z — (2006) Jay Z (* 4. Dezember 1969 in Brooklyn, New York, bürgerlich Shawn Corey Carter) ist ein US amerikanischer Rapper und Musikproduzent. Er arbeitet zuweilen auch unter den Pseudonymen Hov, Hova, J Hova und Jigga. Jay Z war Chief Executive… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jay — ist ein englischer männlicher Vorname, Jay (Vorname) Jay ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Antoine Jay (1770–1854), französischer Schriftsteller, Jurist und Publizist Charlotte Jay (1919–1996), Pseudonym der australischen Krimi Autorin und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jay-z — (2006) Jay Z (* 4. Dezember 1969 in Brooklyn, New York als Shawn Corey Carter), alias Jigga, Hova, Hov oder J Hova, ist ein US amerikanischer Rapper, Musikproduzent und war CEO der Plattenfirma Def Jam. Des Weiteren führt er die Modefirma… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jay — /jay/, n. 1. John, 1745 1829, U.S. statesman and jurist: first Chief Justice of the U.S. 1789 95. 2. a male given name. * * * I Any of 35–40 bird species (family Corvidae) that inhabit woodlands and are known for their bold, raucous manner. Most… …   Universalium

  • Jay — Jay, n. [F. geai, OF. gai, jaj, perh. fr. OHG. g[=a]hi. Cf. {Gay}.] (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of the numerous species of birds belonging to {Garrulus}, {Cyanocitta}, and allied genera of the family {Corvidae}. They are allied to the crows, but are… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jay —   [dʒeɪ], John, amerikanischer Politiker, * New York 12. 12. 1745, ✝ Bedford (N. Y.) 17. 5. 1829; Rechtsanwalt, als Mitglied beider Kontinentalkongresse (1778/79 Präsident) entschiedener, jedoch konservativer Führer der Unabhängigkeitsbewegung.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Jay — Jay, FL U.S. town in Florida Population (2000): 579 Housing Units (2000): 278 Land area (2000): 1.582924 sq. miles (4.099754 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.582924 sq. miles (4.099754 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Jay — en jeroglíficos …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.