Jawa Tengah

Jawa Tengah

English  Central Java 

      provinsi (province), central Java, Indonesia. It is bounded by Jawa Barat (West Java) province on the west, the Java Sea on the north, Jawa Timur (East Java) province on the east, the Indian Ocean on the south, and Yogyakarta daerah istimewa (special district) on the southeast. Jawa Tengah province includes the Karimunjawa Islands in the Java Sea.

      A chain of volcanic mountains runs west to east through the central part of the province and is surmounted by several volcanic peaks that exceed 10,000 feet (3,000 metres), including Mounts Slamat, Sundoro, Sumbing, and Merbabu. A discontinuous series of plateaus flanks the widely spaced volcanic peaks and merges with the foothills and coastal lowlands (the latter as much as 20 miles [30 km] wide) to the north and south. The major streams include the Bodri, Serang, and Luri, flowing northward into the Java Sea, and the Seraju, Bogowonto, Elo, and Progo, flowing southward into the Indian Ocean. The hilly region has a luxuriant growth of casuarina, teak, pine, oak, maple, and ironwood. The broad valleys are covered with tropical rain forests of palm, sal (Shorea), and pandanus, together with orchids, mosses, and ferns.

      The principal means of livelihood in Jawa Tengah is agriculture; rice, tobacco, sugarcane, corn (maize), rubber, tea, coffee, cinchona bark, sweet potatoes, and fruits and vegetables are grown or collected. Industries produce textiles, ceramics, footwear, tires, electric bulbs, processed food, beverages, nonmetallic mineral products, transport equipment, and paper. There are also printing, shipbuilding, and car-assembly plants. Roads and railways run parallel to the northern and southern seacoasts and connect Semarang, the provincial capital, with Tegal, Pekalongan, Magelang, Cilacap, and Surakarta. Muslim Javanese and Sundanese are the principal ethnic groups, and there also are many Indians and Chinese. Archaeological and historical remains, including temples, stupas, monasteries, and sanctuaries of the early Buddhist and Hindu periods, are located at Kalasan, Dieng, Borabuḍur, Sewu, Sukuh, Sari, Plaosan, Pawon, and Mendut. Area 12,567 square miles (32,549 square km). Pop. (2000) 31,228,940.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Jawa Tengah — Basisdaten Fläche: 32.548 km² Einwohner: 32.513.000 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jawa Tengah — Java central Java central Administration Pays   …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jawa Barat — Basisdaten Fläche: 37.994 km² Einwohner: 43.021.826 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jawa Timur — Basisdaten Fläche: 47.921 km² Einwohner …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jawa Barat — ▪ province, Indonesia English  West Java   propinsi (province), western Java, Indonesia. It is bounded by Jawa Tengah (Central Java) province to the east, the Indian Ocean to the south, the Java Sea to the north, and the metropolitan capital… …   Universalium

  • Jawa Timur — ▪ province, Indonesia English  East Java        provinsi (province), eastern Java, Indonesia. It is bounded by the province of Jawa Tengah (Central Java) on the west, the Java Sea on the north, the Indian Ocean on the south, and the Bali Strait… …   Universalium

  • Kalimantan Tengah — Basisdaten Fläche: 152.600 km² Einwohner …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sulawesi Tengah — Basisdaten Fläche: 69.726 km² Einwohner: 2.633.420 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ID-JT — Jawa Tengah Basisdaten Fläche: 34206 km² Einwohner: 32513000 Bevölkerungsdichte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zentral-Java — Jawa Tengah Basisdaten Fläche: 34206 km² Einwohner: 32513000 Bevölkerungsdi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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