Jackson, Maynard

Jackson, Maynard

▪ mayor of Atlanta
in full  Maynard Holbrook Jackson, Jr.  
born March 23, 1938, Dallas, Texas, U.S.
died June 23, 2003, Arlington, Virginia

      American lawyer and politician, who was the first African American mayor of Atlanta, Georgia, serving three terms (1974–82 and 1990–94).

      Jackson's father was a Baptist minister, his mother a professor of French. He entered Morehouse College through a special-entry program and received a bachelor's degree in political science and history in 1956. He then attempted law school but was forced to drop out. Later he enrolled in North Carolina Central University School of Law, received a J.D. degree in 1964, and found work as an attorney for the National Labor Relations Board in Atlanta. Jackson, a member of the Democratic Party, made his first attempt at elective office in 1968 with a run for the U.S. Senate; although he was unsuccessful, he caught the public's eye and gained the office of vice mayor of Atlanta in 1969.

      Jackson's runoff victory in 1973 over the white incumbent under whom he had served as vice mayor was widely seen as a turning point for the “New South.” Atlanta's population was nearly 50 percent black, and Jackson implemented an affirmative action program to ensure that minorities shared in the prosperity of the expanding city through municipal contracts. One of his major achievements was the expansion of Hartsfield Atlanta International Airport into a major transportation hub, “ahead of schedule and under budget.” (It was renamed Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport after his death.) He reformed the police force and worked to maintain calm when the city was terrorized by a string of child murders. After his reelection in 1977, he was barred from a third consecutive term and supported the successful candidacy of Andrew Young (Young, Andrew). Jackson then worked as a municipal bond attorney while staying active in politics. In his third bid for the mayoralty, he was swept into office with nearly 80 percent of the vote. He counted among his triumphs the securing of Atlanta as the site of the 1996 Olympic Summer Games. Ill health led him to decline seeking a further term, and he returned to the bond business, founding his own firm.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jackson, Maynard Holbrook, Jr. — ▪ 2004       American politician and lawyer (b. March 23, 1938, Dallas, Texas d. June 23, 2003, Arlington, Va.), was the first African American to head a major Southern city. He was elected mayor of Atlanta in 1973, and during his three terms… …   Universalium

  • Maynard Jackson — Maynard Holbrook Jackson 54th Mayor of Atlanta, Georgia In office 1974–1982 Preceded by Sam Massell Succeeded by Andrew Young 56th …   Wikipedia

  • Maynard — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Maynard est un nom de famille notamment porté par : On trouve les origines de ce patronyme dans l allemand Meginhard, Mainhart, Meginrad et Meinrad,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maynard Delfino — Maynard James Delfino Personnage de Desperate Housewives Alias MJ Naissance Date : Diman …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maynard H. Jackson High School — Established 1984 Type Public secondary Principal Dr. Shirlene Carter Faculty 120 Students 1,500 …   Wikipedia

  • Maynard — is a name used across the English speaking world, which comes from a Germanic root meaning strength, hardy . It may refer to: Contents 1 Surname 2 Given or middle name 3 Fictional characters 4 Places …   Wikipedia

  • Maynard Jackson — Maynard Holbrook Jackson, Jr. (23 mars 1938 à Dallas 23 juin 2003 à Arlington) est un politicien américain membre du parti démocrate ; il est le premier maire afro américain d Atlanta en Géorgie. Maynard Jackson était diplômé de l université …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maynard F. Jordan Observatory — Organization University of Maine Location Orono, Maine (USA) …   Wikipedia

  • Jackson (name) — Jackson is a common patronymic family name in English language speaking countries (see List of most common surnames), meaning son of Jack . In the 1990 United States Census, Jackson was the thirteenth most frequently reported surname, accounting… …   Wikipedia

  • Maynard Evans High School — Motto A Place of High Achievement! Established 1955 Type Public.......... Principal David W. Christiansen Students 2,000 (appro …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.