city, Huesca provincia (province), in the communidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Aragon, northeastern Spain, on the plateau on the southern bank of the Aragon River, just south of the French border. Of ancient origin, the city was captured by the Romans in 194 BC and surrounded by walls, which, with medieval additions, still partly stand. In 716 it was taken by the Moors and, under the name of Dyaka, was one of the principal cities of the province of Sarkosta (modern Zaragoza). Retaken by the Christians in 760, Jaca was declared a “city” by King Ramiro I of Aragon (1035–63) and was the first capital of Aragon. An episcopal see, Jaca has notable landmarks that include the Citadel (Ciudadela), begun in 1593 and in a state of perfect preservation; the 11th-century cathedral; and the town hall in Plateresque style (1544). Jaca's economy is based on agricultural trade, but the service industry, especially tourism, has grown in importance. Jaca's location in the Pyrenees Mountains (Pyrenees) makes it a prime base for skiing and other recreational activities. Pop. (2007 est.) mun., 12,759.

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  • Jaca — Vue de Jaca …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jaca — had, in 2004, 12,322 residents and is a premier tourist destination in the region for summer holidays and winter sport. Jaca was the host city of the 1981 and 1995 Winter Universiades. Its popularity for winter sports has been a motivating factor …   Wikipedia

  • JACA — JACA, city in Aragon, N.E. Spain. Jews were living in the citadel of Jaca from an early date. The community of Jaca is the oldest in Aragon. In the fuero (municipal charter), granted in 1062 shortly after the recapture of the city from the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • jacă — JÁCĂ, jăci, s.f. (reg.) Sac, traistă, săculeţ de pânză rară, în care se pune (la scurs) caşul, urda sau brânza de vacă. – Din magh. zsák. Trimis de claudia, 02.02.2005. Sursa: DEX 98  JÁCĂ s. v. săculeţ, traistă. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Jaca —   [ xaka], Stadt in Nordspanien, Provinz Huesca, in den südlichen Pyrenäenvorbergen (Sierra de la Peña), am Zugang zum Somportpass, über dem rechten Ufer des Aragón, 820 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 11 100 Einwohner; Bischofssitz; Zweigstelle der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • jaca — (Del ant. haca, este del fr. ant. haque, y este del ingl. hack, acort. de hakeney, de Hackney, localidad cercana a Londres, famosa por sus caballos). 1. f. Caballo cuya alzada no llega a metro y medio. 2. yegua (ǁ hembra del caballo). 3. And.),… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • jaca — sustantivo femenino 1. Uso/registro: restringido. Yegua: Montaba una jaca jovencita, ágil y elegante. 2. (macho y hembra) Uso/registro: restringido. Caballo de poca altura …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Jaca — Jaca, befestigte Stadt am Aragon, in der spanischen Provinz Huesca; Citadelle, Bischofsitz, Kathedrale; 3100 Ew. I. hieß im Alterthum Jacca, u. war die Hauptstadt der Jaccetāni, die sich vom Iberus bis zu den Pyrenäen ausbreiteten; wurde 778 von… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Jaca — (spr. chāka), Bezirkshauptstadt in der span. Provinz Huesca, 735 m ü. M., auf einem Hügel am linken Ufer des Aragon, an der Eisenbahn Huesca Canfranc, Bischofssitz, hat alte Mauern mit gotischen Toren, eine Zitadelle (unter Philipp II. erbaut),… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Jaca — Jaca, span. Stadt am Fuße der Pyrenäen, Bischofssitz. 4000 E., Kathedrale …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • JACA — nomen fructus, totius Orbis maximi vulgo habiti, in Imperio Sinensi, de quo sic Auctor Anon. Sinae et Eur. c. 36. In Quangtung crescunt ubique nuces Indicae maiores et minores: fructusque ille, vulgo habitus totius Orbis maximus, Indis Iaca… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

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