Jabneh


Jabneh

▪ ancient city, Palestine
Hebrew“God Builds”Greek  Jamnia , modern  Yibna , also called  Yavne 

      ancient city of Palestine (now Israel) lying about 15 miles (24 km) south of Tel Aviv–Yafo and 4 miles (6 km) from the Mediterranean Sea. Settled by Philistines, Jabneh came into Jewish hands in the time of Uzziah in the 8th century BC. Judas Maccabeus (Maccabeus, Judas) (d. 161 BC) attacked the harbour of Jabneh in his anger at the inhabitants' hostility. On the destruction of the Temple of Jerusalem by the Romans in AD 70, the academy of Jabneh—established by Johanan ben Zakkai—became one of the most important centres of Jewish learning. At a meeting of rabbis held there about AD 100, the final canon of the Hebrew Bible was fixed. The crusaders built a fortress there in the 12th century.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • JABNEH — (Yavneh; Heb יַבְנֶה; Ar. Yibnā ﻳَﺒْﻨَﻰ), biblical city located on the coastal plain, S. of Jaffa. Jabneh first appears in the Bible as Jabneel, on the northern border of the tribe of Judah (Josh. 15:11). It is counted as one of the Philistine… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jabneh —    Building, (2 Chr. 26:6), identical with Jabneel (Josh. 15:11) …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • HISTORY — For Prehistory see archaeology ; for Biblical and Second Temple periods, see history . Destruction of the Second Temple until the Arab Conquest (70–640 C.E.) THE EFFECTS OF THE WAR OF 66–70 C.E. The Jewish war against the Romans, which lasted… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • USHA, SYNOD OF — USHA, SYNOD OF, convention of sages reviving the Sanhedrin held at usha at the close of the period of persecution following the Bar Kokhba revolt, i.e., about the middle of the second century C.E. During the rule of antoninus pius (137–161), the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Zugot — ( he. תְּקוּפָת) הַזּוּגוֹת)) ( (təqūphāth) hazZūghôth ) refers to the period during the time of the Second Temple (515 BCE 70 CE), in which the spiritual leadership of the Jewish people was in the hands of five successive generations of zugot (… …   Wikipedia

  • JOHANAN BEN ZAKKAI — (first century C.E.), tanna, considered in talmudic tradition the leading sage at the end of the Second Temple period and the years immediately following the destruction of the Temple. Johanan b. Zakkai s personality and work are depicted in a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Gamaliel II — or Gamaliel of Jabneh flourished 2nd century Rabbi and president of the Sanhedrin. The grandson of Gamaliel I, he rallied the Jews who had taken refuge in the city of Jabneh after the fall of Jerusalem to the Romans in AD 70. He became patriarch… …   Universalium

  • TANNA, TANNAIM — (Aram. תַּנָּאִים ,תַּנָּא), the sages from the period of hillel to the compilation of the mishnah , i.e., the first and second centuries C.E. The word tanna (from Aramaic teni, to hand down orally, study, teach ) generally designates a teacher… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ACADEMIES IN BABYLONIA AND EREẒ ISRAEL — Designations The talmudic term for an academy, yeshivah (lit., sitting ), derives from the fixed order of seating assigned to the sages and their pupils who regularly participated in the activities of the academy. Occasionally the term meant not… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • AMIDAH — (Heb. עֲמִידָה; standing ), the core and main element of each of the prescribed daily services. In talmudic sources it is known as Ha Tefillah ( The Prayer par excellence). As its name indicates, the Amidah must be recited standing. Other names… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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