Ishbosheth


Ishbosheth

▪ king of Israel
also spelled  Isboseth , also called  Ishbaal , or  Eshbaal 
flourished 11th century BC

      in the Old Testament (II Samuel 2:8–4:12), fourth son of King Saul and the last representative of his family to be king over Israel (the northern kingdom, as opposed to the southern kingdom of Judah). His name was originally Ishbaal (Eshbaal; I Chronicles 8:33; 9:39), meaning “man of Baal.” Baal, which could mean “master,” was a title of dignity. Because the name came to be increasingly associated with Canaanite fertility gods, Hebrew editors later substituted bosheth, meaning “shame,” for baal.

      Ishbosheth was proclaimed king of Israel by Abner, Saul's cousin and commander in chief, who then became the real power behind the throne. The House of Judah, however, followed David, and war broke out between the two kingdoms. When Abner took Rizpah, one of Saul's concubines, Ishbosheth objected, because Abner's action was a symbolic usurpation of power. Abner then defected to David, leaving the northern tribes without effective leadership, and Ishbosheth was soon murdered by two of his captains. David had the murderers put to death. Ishbosheth's stand against Abner, weak as it was, led to Abner's defection to David and then to Abner's death at the hand of one of his enemies, events that caused strife in David's divided kingdom for some time to come.

      Although the Bible states that Ishbosheth was 40 years old when he became king and that his reign lasted two years, scholars have found that these figures are incorrect. More likely he was quite young and his reign equaled that of David at Hebron, about 7 1/2 years.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ishbosheth — Son of Saul (2 Sam. 3:14); originally called Eshbaal (1 Chron. 8:33) but changed by editors when ‘Baal’ became unacceptable. Ishbosheth (Ishbaal in NRSV) tried to rule the tribes at Mahanaim after the death of Saul (2 Sam. 2:8–10), and to rally… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • 2 Samuel 2 — 1 And it came to pass after this, that David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah? And the LORD said unto him, Go up. And David said, Whither shall I go up? And he said, Unto Hebron. 2 So David went up… …   The King James version of the Bible

  • 2 Samuel 3 — 1 Now there was long war between the house of Saul and the house of David: but David waxed stronger and stronger, and the house of Saul waxed weaker and weaker. 2 And unto David were sons born in Hebron: and his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam… …   The King James version of the Bible

  • 2 Samuel 4 — 1 And when Saul s son heard that Abner was dead in Hebron, his hands were feeble, and all the Israelites were troubled. 2 And Saul s son had two men that were captains of bands: the name of the one was Baanah, and the name of the other Rechab,… …   The King James version of the Bible

  • biblical literature — Introduction       four bodies of written works: the Old Testament writings according to the Hebrew canon; intertestamental works, including the Old Testament Apocrypha; the New Testament writings; and the New Testament Apocrypha.       The Old… …   Universalium

  • New Chronology (Rohl) — Not to be confused with New Chronology (Fomenko). New Chronology is the term used to describe an alternative Chronology of the ancient Near East developed by English Egyptologist David Rohl and other researchers[1] beginning with A Test of Time:… …   Wikipedia

  • Mahanaim —    Two camps, a place near the Jabbok, beyond Jordan, where Jacob was met by the angels of God, and where he divided his retinue into two hosts on his return from Padan aram (Gen. 32:2). This name was afterwards given to the town which was built… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Abner — In the Book of Samuel, Abner (Biblical Hebrew for father of [or is a] light ), is first cousin to Saul and commander in chief of his army (1 Samuel 14:50, 20:25). He is only referred to incidentally in Saul s history (1 Samuel 17:55, 26:5), and… …   Wikipedia

  • Baal — Ba al (pronounced: IPA| [baʕal] ; Hebrew: בעל) (ordinarily spelled Baal in English) is a Northwest Semitic title and honorific meaning master or lord that is used for various gods who were patrons of cities in the Levant, cognate to Assyrian Bēlu …   Wikipedia

  • Rizpah — ( coal , hot stone ) was the daughter of Aiah, and one of Saul s concubines. She was the mother of Armoni and Mephibosheth (2 Samuel 3:7; 21:8, 10, 11).It happened that a famine, which lasted for three years, fell upon the land during the earlier …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.