iron deficiency anemia


iron deficiency anemia

       anemia that develops due to a lack of the mineral iron, the main function of which is in the formation of hemoglobin, the blood pigment that carries oxygen from the blood to the tissues. Iron deficiency anemia, the most common anemia, occurs when the body's loss of iron is high and its iron stores are depleted—as during periods of rapid growth, pregnancy, or menstruation or other sources of chronic blood loss. The condition may also develop when dietary iron intake is low or metabolism of iron is inefficient (e.g., starvation or hookworm (hookworm disease) infestation). It is estimated that iron deficiency anemia affects approximately 15 percent of the population worldwide. Symptoms include weakness, fatigue, and sometimes pallor, shortness of breath, coldness of extremities, changeable appetite, sore tongue, loss of hair, brittle fingernails, or dry skin. Treatment consists of the administration of iron; quick improvement is common.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • iron-deficiency anemia — n anemia that is caused by a deficiency of iron and characterized by hypochromic microcytic red blood cells …   Medical dictionary

  • Iron deficiency anemia — For a discussion of iron deficiency more broadly, see the Wikipedia article iron deficiency. Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia, and is also known as sideropenic anemia. It is the most common cause of microcytic anemia. Iron …   Wikipedia

  • Iron deficiency anemia — The most common known form of nutritional disorder in the world, iron deficiency results in anemia because iron is necessary to make hemoglobin, key molecule in red blood cells responsible for the transport of oxygen. In iron deficiency anemia,… …   Medical dictionary

  • iron deficiency anemia — noun a form of anemia due to lack of iron in the diet or to iron loss as a result of chronic bleeding • Syn: ↑iron deficiency anaemia • Hypernyms: ↑anemia, ↑anaemia • Hyponyms: ↑chlorosis, ↑greensickness …   Useful english dictionary

  • iron-deficiency anemia — Most common type of anemia, which may develop in times of high iron loss and depletion of iron stores (e.g., rapid growth, pregnancy, menstruation) or in settings of low dietary iron intake or inefficient iron uptake (e.g., starvation, intestinal …   Universalium

  • iron-deficiency anemia — noun 1. : hypochromic anemia in which deficiency of hemoglobin in the individual red blood cells is the characteristic abnormality see chlorosis 2. : hypochromic anemia …   Useful english dictionary

  • iron deficiency — deficiency of iron in the system, usually caused by blood loss, low dietary levels of iron, or a disease condition that inhibits iron uptake. Three stages of severity are distinguished: iron depletion, latent iron deficiency, and iron deficiency… …   Medical dictionary

  • Iron deficiency — For the plant disorder also known as lime induced chlorosis , see Iron deficiency (plant disorder). Iron deficiency Classification and external resources Iron in heme ICD …   Wikipedia

  • Iron deficiency (medicine) — Infobox Disease Name = Iron deficiency Caption = Iron in heme DiseasesDB = 6947 ICD10 = ICD10|E|61|1|e|50 ICD9 = ICD9|280.9 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = 000584 eMedicineSubj = med eMedicineTopic = 1188 MeshID = For a more specific and detailed… …   Wikipedia

  • Anemia, iron deficiency — The most common known form of nutritional disorder in the world, iron deficiency results in anemia because iron is necessary to make hemoglobin, key molecule in red blood cells responsible for the transport of oxygen. In iron deficiency anemia,… …   Medical dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.