International Telecommunication Union


International Telecommunication Union

▪ UN agency
      specialized agency of the United Nations that was created to encourage international cooperation in all forms of telecommunication. Its activities include maintaining order in the allocation of radio frequencies, setting standards on technical and operational matters, and assisting countries in developing their own telecommunication systems.

      The origin of the ITU can be traced to 1865, when the International Telegraph Union was established by a convention signed in Paris. The International Telecommunication Convention of 1932, which merged the International Telegraph Convention and the International Radiotelegraph Convention, provided that the International Telecommunication Union would succeed the International Telegraph Union when the convention became effective in 1934. It was made a specialized agency of the United Nations in 1947, and the convention has been revised several times.

      The organization of the ITU includes: (1) the Plenipotentiary Conference, which is the supreme organ of the ITU and meets every four years; (2) World Administrative Conferences, which meet according to technical needs; (3) the ITU Council, which meets annually and is responsible for executing decisions of the Plenipotentiary Conference; (4) the General Secretariat, responsible for administrative and financial services; (5) the Radiocommunications Sector, which was formed by the merger of those activities of the former International Consultative Radio Committee and the former International Frequency Registration Board that were concerned with the assignment of radio frequencies; (6) the Telecommunication Standardization Sector, which was formed by the merger of the former International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee with the standards-setting activities of the International Consultative Radio Committee and conducts technical studies and sets international standards for telecommunications; and (7) the Telecommunication Development Sector, which facilitates the growth of telecommunications in developing nations.

      The ITU has had its headquarters in Geneva since 1948, when it was moved from Bern.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • International Telecommunication Union —   [ɪntə næʃnl telɪkəmjuːnɪ keɪʃn juːnjən], Abkürzung ITU [aɪtiː juː], französisch Union Internationale des Télécommunications Abkürzung UIT [yi te], deutsch Internationale Fernmelde Union, Abkürzung IFU, Sonderorganisation der UNO zur Regelung… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • International Telecommunication Union — noun A UN agency promoting international telecommunications collaboration in order to improve worldwide service (abbrev ITU) • • • Main Entry: ↑international …   Useful english dictionary

  • International Telecommunication Union — Infobox UN name = International Telecommunication Union Union internationale des télécommunications Unión Internacional de Telecomunicaciones Международный союз электросвязи الاتحاد الدولي للاتصالات 国际电信联盟 국제 전기 통신 연합 image size = 200px caption …   Wikipedia

  • International Telecommunication Union — …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • International Telecommunication Union — noun An international organization established to standardize and regulate international audio and telecommunications. Formerly known as International Telegraph Union. Abbreviation: ITU …   Wiktionary

  • International Telecommunication Union — ITU A special agency of the United Nations founded in Paris in 1865 as the International Telegraph Union. It sets up international regulations for telegraph, telephone, and radio services; promotes international cooperation for the improvement of …   Big dictionary of business and management

  • International Telecommunication Union —    Abbreviated ITU. The U.N. umbrella organization that develops and standardizes telecommunications worldwide. The ITU also contains the CCITT, the International Frequency Registration Board (IFRB), and the Consultative Committee on… …   Dictionary of networking

  • International Telecommunication Union — n. international organization within which governments and the private sector coordinate global telecom networks and services, ITU …   English contemporary dictionary

  • International Telecommunication Union — …   Википедия

  • International Telecommunication Union — ⇡ ITU …   Lexikon der Economics


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.