Iguala Plan


Iguala Plan

▪ Mexican history
Spanish  Plan de Iguala  

      (Feb. 24, 1821), appeal issued by Agustín de Iturbide (Iturbide, Agustín de), a creole landowner and a former officer in the Spanish army who had assumed leadership of the Mexican independence movement in 1820. His plan called for an independent Mexico ruled by a European prince (or by a Mexican—i.e., Iturbide himself—if no European could be found), retention by the Roman Catholic Church and the military of all of their powers, equal rights for creoles and peninsulares (those of Spanish ancestry on both sides, born in Mexico and Spain, respectively), and elimination of property confiscations. The conservative plan soon won the approval of virtually every influential group in Mexico, though it completely ignored the rights of the lower classes. Thus, the achievement of independence in Mexico stood in contrast to the independence movement in South America, where liberal elements predominated. The conservative upper classes, including the higher clergy, now sanctioned Mexican independence because it freed them from the newly installed Liberal government in Spain, which they feared would upset the social and economic status quo in Mexico. On Aug. 24, 1821, Iturbide and the Spanish viceroy, Juan O'Donojú, signed the Convention of Córdoba (a town in Veracruz state), by which Spain acquiesced in the Iguala Plan and agreed to withdraw its troops. The Spanish government subsequently refused to accept the Convention (1822), but Iturbide had already made himself emperor of Mexico.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Plan de Iguala — Archivo:Plan de Iguala.gif Documento histórico del Plan de Iguala proclamado el 24 de febrero de 1821 por el general Agustín de Iturbide. El Plan de Iguala fue un pronunciamiento político proclamado por Agustín de Iturbide el 24 de febrero de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • plan — (Del fr. plant.) ► sustantivo masculino 1 Conjunto de actividades con el que se lleva o se pretende llevar a cabo alguna acción: ■ siguieron un minucioso plan para hacerse con el poder. SINÓNIMO programa 2 Idea o pensamiento de hacer alguna cosa …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Iguala — ▪ Mexico in full  Iguala de la Independencia         city, north central Guerrero estado (state), south central Mexico. It was settled in 1750 and was named in honour of Agustín de Iturbide s Iguala Plan, proclaiming Mexico an independent… …   Universalium

  • Plan — For other uses, and for specific types of plans, see Plan (disambiguation). Informal or ad hoc plans are created by individuals in all of their pursuits. Structured and formal plans, used by multiple people, are more likely to occur in projects,… …   Wikipedia

  • Iguala de la Independencia — Iguala Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Plan d'Iguala — Plan de Iguala Le Plan de Iguala le Plan d Iguala, aussi connu comme Plan des Trois Garanties (Plan Trigarante) est proclamé le 24 février 1821 lors du dernier stade de la Guerre d indépendance du Mexique. Le plan tente d établir les bases d une… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Plan de iguala — Le Plan de Iguala le Plan d Iguala, aussi connu comme Plan des Trois Garanties (Plan Trigarante) est proclamé le 24 février 1821 lors du dernier stade de la Guerre d indépendance du Mexique. Le plan tente d établir les bases d une constitution… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Plan de Iguala — Le Plan de Iguala le Plan d Iguala, aussi connu comme Plan des Trois Garanties (Plan Trigarante) est proclamé le 24 février 1821 lors du dernier stade de la Guerre d indépendance du Mexique. Le plan tente d établir les bases d une constitution… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Plan of Iguala — Plan of Iguala, also known as Plan of the Three Guarantees ( Plan Trigarante ), was a peace treaty proclaimed on February 24, 1821, in the final stage of Mexican War of Independence from Spain. The plan attempted to establish a constitutional… …   Wikipedia

  • Plan de Veracruz — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El Plan de Veracruz fue un acuerdo firmado por Antonio López de Santa Anna en dicho puerto de México el 6 de diciembre de 1822. Iturbide, después de declarar la Independencia de México, entró en la Ciudad de México… …   Wikipedia Español


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