idiorrhythmic monasticism


idiorrhythmic monasticism

also called  eremitic monasticism (from Greek eremos, “desert”) 

      the original form of monastic life in Christianity, as exemplified by St. Anthony of Egypt (Anthony of Egypt, Saint) (c. 250–355). It consisted of a total withdrawal from society, normally in the desert, and the constant practice of mental prayer. The contemplative and mystical trend of eremitic monasticism is also known as Hesychasm. In the Christian East, the “idiorrhythmic” system (from Greek idios, “particular”; rhythmos, “rule,” or “discipline”) always coexisted with cenobitic monasticism. It is still practiced on modern Mount Athos, Greece. See also cenobitic monasticism.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • monasticism — /meuh nas teuh siz euhm/, n. the monastic system, condition, or mode of life. [1785 95; MONASTIC + ISM] * * * Institutionalized religious movement whose members are bound by vows to an ascetic life of prayer, meditation, or good works. Members of …   Universalium

  • cenobitic monasticism — ▪ ecclesiastical institution       form of monasticism based on “life in common” (Greek koinobion), characterized by strict discipline, regular worship, and manual work. St. Pachomius (Pachomius, Saint) was the author of the first cenobitic rule …   Universalium

  • Eastern Orthodoxy — the faith, practice, membership, and government of the Eastern Orthodox Church. * * * officially Orthodox Catholic Church One of the three major branches of Christianity. Its adherents live mostly in Greece, Russia, the Balkans, Ukraine, and the… …   Universalium

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  • Mount Athos — Ἅγιον Ὄρος Agion Oros (Αυτόνομη Μοναστικὴ Πολιτεία Ἁγίου Ὄρους) Aftonomi Monastiki Politia Agiou Orous location of Mount Athos in Greece …   Wikipedia

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  • Great Lavra (Athos) — Coordinates: 40°10′16″N 24°22′58″E / 40.17111°N 24.38278°E / 40.17111; 24.38278 …   Wikipedia


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